MotivationMotivation refers to some kind of determination that is accompanied by excitement for one to accomplish something. In other words, motivation can be defined as a behaviour that is goal oriented. Motivation can be termed as extrinsic or intrinsic (David, 1987). Usually, motivation is aimed at increasing pleasure and minimizing pain in the lives of human beings. Intrinsic form of motivation is usually from within a person. This means that one is completely interested in whatever he or she is doing. This means that it originates from within and that kind of motivation does not depend on any other external happening.
According to the researches that have been done, it means that this kind of motivation is mainly experience due to great educational enjoyments and achievements; this is whereby they attribute their success to the efforts that they have put in. On the other hand, extrinsic kind of motivation refers to the kind of motivation that comes from the external factors. Some of the most common extrinsic motivation on earth includes money, threats to be punished and coercion. It should be noted that competition is also a form this motivation (Uwe, 1990).
This is because at the end of the day it encourages the participants to win and get the reward that their opponents would have gotten. It should also be noted that a cheering squad is in the category of extrinsic motivation to the participants. According to a research that was done it was discovered that intrinsic rewards can easily lead to a situation of over justification hence minimizing the intrinsic motivation in an individual. Application of MotivationMotivation is a very important component of every human being.
This means that in everyone’s life, motivation is very necessary. However it is not only important in the life of the human beings but also in the running of any given organization. One of the most important institutions where motivation is of paramount importance is education institutions. This is because it has a number of effects to the learning of the students (Uwe, 1990). These effects includes their behaviour towards their goals, it can increase their energy as well as efforts in their work, it can lead to increment in initiations as well as persistence, cognitive process enhancement, determination of the consequences being reinforced and most important performance improvement.
On the other hand, in any business organization, motivation is very important. If we have to consider the Maslow’s hierarchy of need, then money is one of the motivating factors. Other motivating factors include praises, recognition, respect and sense of belonging. Therefore it is very important to note that motivation is vital in any business organization because it helps the employees to work harder and better, to get to be more reproductive and also to do a more quality work.
Other importance of motivation in nay organization includes: putting the human resources available into action by ensuring that all the employees have had willingness built up, it also leads to efficiency improvement of employees hence increased productivity, cost of operation reduction and overall improvement in efficiency, it also enable an organization to achieve all of it organized goals (Uwe, 1990). This is because there is better resource utilization, better working environment, all employees are goal oriented.
Another importance of motivation is that it help build friendly relationships due to reduction of industrial conflicts by the employees, effective co-operation and prevention of employee resistance to changes in the organization. Finally, motivations cause workforce stability. This is whereby, employees tend to remain in the same organization simply because the fell appreciated and also part of the organization’s management. To the individuals, motivation is important in helping one achieve goals, individual’s self-development, working in dynamic team and finally helps one be satisfied in their jobs(Terence, 1984). Motivation Theories