The paper "Globalisation and Its Effect on Employment Relations" is a great example of a management essay. Globalisation has engendered vast changes in the international economy. These changes have in turn, significantly affected employee relations. However, in the context of employment relations, there is considerable difference of opinion, as to the nature and importance of the changes that have transpired, on account of globalisation (Lansbury, Kitay, & Wailes, 2003: 62). The notion of industrial relations originated in the US, and thereafter gradually permeated the other nations. The development of this important concept was uneven, across the world.
For instance, it was not until the 1930s that industrial relations made their presence felt in the UK. Subsequently, in the 1960s, Japan was witness to the development of industrial relations in the nation. Thereafter, in the 1970s, industrial relations developed in Germany (Kaufman, 2004: 593). The rest of the world adopted this notion, only in the 1990s. Thus, the erstwhile communist nations of Central and Eastern Europe were comparatively late in developing industrial relations. Finally, this idea was adopted in the countries of Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.
However, by that time, there was a marked decline in industrial relations in the US, where the concept had originated (Kaufman, 2004: 593). The challenges thrown up by globalisation, in the realm of employment relations, are in general, difficult to resolve. Therefore, it is incumbent upon the human resources manager to balance the requirements, stipulated by efficiencies; whilst ensuring the operational life of the company in the host countries. Some of the affiliate practices could bear a semblance to the practices adopted in the home country of the multinational corporation; a few of the practices could seem too akin to the practices extant in the host nation; and other practices could be of a global nature (Rodwell & Teo, 1999: 311). Business organisations have been compelled to enhance their competitive advantage, due to the growing complementarity between capital, location and technology.
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