The paper “ Employee Empowerment under Leadership and Empowerment” is a motivating example of the case study on human resources. There are so many definitions of leadership. Burns, as cited in (Pisapia, 2009), defines leadership as “ inducing followers to act for certain goals that represent the values and motivations of both the leaders and the followers” (p. 24). Mills (2005) and Marturano and Gosling (2007) note that it is the process of influencing other’ s thoughts, attitudes and behaviors in order to achieve an organization or a group’ s goals and Denton, (2002) defines leadership as an ability to motivate, influence and direct others to achieve desired objectives.
(KINDLY ACCEPT THIS REFERENCE, I HAVE TRIED LOOKING FOR A BOOK WITH THE SAME DEFINITION BUT COULD NOT FIND ONE. All these definitions may seem different but they all have the same goal which is, achieving the aims of the organization. The first and second definitions consider leadership as a process while the third definition considers its ability. All of them consider it a way of influencing people to achieve the objectives of the organization or group.
When defining leadership, it is always compared with management since in most cases, the managers are the leaders. Northouse also indicates that there are so many conceptualizations to leadership (2009). These conceptualizations are; leadership as a process, leadership as involving common goals, leadership as involving influence and leadership as occurring in groups (Northouse, 2009). (ADDED)According to Leitner, the leaders create the organization strategy while the managers ensure that the strategy is implemented according to the guidance of the leader (2007). The leader sets the vision, guides the subordinates through coaching, training, mentoring, and development to ensure the goals are met while the manager ensures that vision missions are accomplished (Leitner, 2007).
(CORRECTED THE REFERENCE). This may be related to the different types of leadership styles that exist for example the democratic, lassies fairer, autocratic, and so on. The leader is the decision-maker, but he chooses a method of making such decisions.
7.0 List of References
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Bass, B. M. and Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational Leadership. (2nd Ed). [Electronic Version] London: Routledge.
Bruce, A. (2006). How to Motivate Every Employee: 24 Proven Tactics to Spark Productivity in
the Workplace. [Electronic Version] New York: McGraw-Hill Professional
Daft, R.L. (2007). The Leadership Experience. (4th Ed). [Electronic Version] Boston: Cengage
Denton, J. (2002). Organisational Learning And Effectiveness. [Electronic Version] London:
Durai, P. (2010). Human Resource Management. [Electronic Version] New Delhi: Pearson
Dopson, L. R. and Hayes, D. K. (2010). Food and Beverage Cost Control. (5th Ed). [Electronic
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Dyson, K. (2009) Management Intelligence: Sense and Nonsense for the Successful Manager. [Electronic Version]. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 30 (8), 781 – 782.
Fox, J. (1998). Employee Empowerment: An Apprenticeship Model. Retrieved from:
Gill, A., Fitzgerald, S., Bhutani, S., Mand, H., Sharma, S. (2010). The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Employee Desire For Empowerment. [Electronic Version] International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 22 (2), 263 – 273.
Leitner, A. (2007). Concept of Leadership and Management Within the Manufacturing Industry.
[Electronic Version] Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag.
Marturano, A and Gosling, J. (2007). Leadership: The Key Concepts. [Electronic Version]
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Zhang, X. and Bartol, K. M. (2010). Linking Empowering Leadership and Employee Creativity: The Influence of Psychological Empowerment, Intrinsic Motivation, and Creative Process Engagement. [Electronic Version]. The Academy of Management Journal (AMJ). 53 (1), 107 – 128.