Tourism Development in CyprusIntroductionTourism is currently known as the world's largest industry and its development is creating fast social, economic and environmental changes which need an in depth understanding and measures to manage it. Tourism is now becoming a major area of study among students all over the world and its development and management hold many career opportunities for students (Sterling University 2007). This paper will discuss the tourism development in Cyprus. This country was chosen because of it competitiveness. According to the World Economic Forum's 2007 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index, Cyprus' tourism industry ranks 20th in the world in terms of overall competitiveness.
In terms of Human, Cultural and Natural Resources (in relation to the tourism industry) Cyprus ranks 3rd in the world (Travel and Tourism Competitive Index 2007)Cyprus has promoted tourism as a major source of national income and it is the second biggest industry of the country. With the physical attributes of Cyprus, it has a potential to grow as one of the major tourist destinations. BackgroundCyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, at the crossroads of Europe, Africa and Asia, located west of Syria and south of Turkey.
The island has a maximum length of about 225 km from Cape Andreas in the northeast to the western extremity of the island and has 648 km coastline. Its maximum width, from Cape Gata in the south to Cape Kormakiti in the north, is about 97 km. The total area of the nation is 9,252 sq km. Nicosia is the capital and largest city. The majority of the population is Greek Cypriot, and they follow the Christian Orthodox religion.
The main language spoken is Greek but English is widely spoken, along with German, in the tourist areas. The overriding attraction is reliable sunshine - the island is the sunniest in the Med, and from May to September there's barely a cloud in the sky. In the last 20 years, Cyprus has become increasingly popular as a holiday destination. Cyprus is now a top choice for the UK's package holidaymakers (Cyprus 2007)The Tourism Industry Since tourism is the second largest industry in the it creates jobs as the tourist arrival increases.
The tourism industry accounted for some 22% of Cyprus’ GDP in 2000. A total of 2.686.205 tourists visited Cyprus, up nearly 30% since 1995. Outbound departures accounted for a further 590.000 trips (Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2001). In 2003, some 43.500 people were directly employed in the tourist industry (in hotels, restaurants, bars, travel agencies and as tourist guides) accounting for about 13% of the country’s gainfully employed population. There are quite a few benefits after becoming a member of EU. First of all, Tourism is a significant job creating activity, it helps the Cyprus government solved a big problem.
Plenty of unemployed men go back to their posts over again because of the increasing tourism businesses and relative commerce like environment protection. The latest official employment statistics from 1999 indicate that 10.6% of the active employed population works in the hotel and restaurant sectors. But In 2002, the tourism sector accounted for 15.9% of total employment. (Statistics Plan for Tourism 2000-2010. Cyprus Tourism Organisation). In addition, the other parts of the European tourists can use their own passport directly travel in Cyprus.
Cyprus, surrounded by the sea, it was not much opportunities to contact with outside world before, and nowadays it can attracts different countries people come in and local people go abroad.