Essays on Tourism and Sustainability Coursework

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The paper "Tourism and Sustainability" is a great example of tourism coursework.   Tourism is sightseeing, going to places of interest or visiting areas with attractive sites and cultures. All tourism is cultural because of the attractive sites and activities involved in it. A tourist is a person who visits a place for leisure. The reason why people visit tourist attraction sites and places is because of the cultures of those regions and the attractive sites, which in most cases hold unique historical backgrounds. Examples of such tourist attraction places include; African countries, Malaysia, Bali, Fiji, and several other areas (MacCannell & Lippard, 1999). Tourism and culture have a sustainable partnership (Tuinabua, 2009).

This means that tourism enables cultural preservation and culture encourages tourism. An example is in Fiji where a specific hill and its cultural values have been preserved because of tourism. Tavuni hill is a cultural heritage site that symbolizes the important link between the people of Tonga and the people of Fiji. It was developed as a tourist attraction because of its cultural attributes. Some other archaeological and historical sites are said to have vanished due to agricultural practices and developments on housing along the Sigatoka Valley where this hill is, but tourism has enabled the preservation of this one cultural heritage (Tuinabua, 2009). Even though tourism is found to be a contributing factor to the preservation of culture, it destroys culture in different ways.

When tourists visit tourist attraction sites and communities, they are shown demonstrations of historical events and cultural practices. This is known as staging. Staging is degrading the original cultures and diminishes the original values attached to cultural practices.

An example is letting tourists witness real sensitive cultural practices, for example, circumcision of a young boy in an African community. Richards (2006) notes that in a conference in Africa, one project developer announced staging a ritual circumcision of a young boy in a visit to a tribal community in Africa. This kind of staging degrades the value of circumcision in that community and may make people fear to practice that ritual. Some staging methods such as the one mentioned above assume that tourists look for an authentic experience and are not supportive of the actual values of the cultures, but only consider the commercial viability of the practice which may not even please the tourists. Staging of cultural practices for tourists also leads to the loss of certain important cultural practices that are real to the community or society and changes the cultural practice to the one staged.

The staged cultural practice is not an original practice, but a demonstration of how the practice was performed in the olden days. Different communities in a country have different cultural practices, but when tourists visit a specific place with one famous cultural practice, it turns out to be the common cultural practice for all.

The tourists are given a demonstration of how the cultural practice looks like and the period when it was performed. This makes some communities forget their original cultural practices. An example is the dances performed in Bali.

References

Hitchcock, Michael., King, Victor T., Parnwell, Mike and Parnwell, Michael J. G., (1993),

Tourism inSouth-East Asia. London: Routledge.

MacCannell, Dean and Lippard, Lucy R., (1999), The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure

Class.California: University of California Press.

McCool, Stephen F., (August 13-14, 1996), Limits of Acceptable Change: A Framework for

Managing National Protected Areas: Experiences from the United States. Paper presented at Workshop on Impact Management in Marine Parks, sponsored by Maritime Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Retrieved on 31st March 2009 from: http://juneau.org/tourism2/documents90-99/Limits_of_Accpt_Change96.pdf

Mowforth, M., and Munt. I., (2003), Tourism and Sustainability: New Tourism in the Third

World, 2ndedition, London, Routledge.

Richards, Greg., (2006), Cultural tourism: Global and Local Perspectives. Pennsylvania:

Haworth Press.

Tuinabua, Levani V., (2009), Tourism and Culture: A Sustainable Partnership. Retrieved on 31st

March 2009 from: <>

Wahab, Salah and Cooper, Christopher P., (2001), Tourism in the Age of Globalization. London:

Routledge.

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