Essays on Trade and Border Control Procedures - the United States and South Africa Case Study

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The paper "Trade and Border Control Procedures - the United States and South Africa" is a perfect example of a business case study.   International trade has developed rapidly in recent past, and with it the proportional importance of border procedures for example customs requirements. Border procedures vary from one nation to another. In addition to this, different goods have different border procedures. Trading countries are finding new ways of making the whole process of cross border trade smoother and simpler. It is for this reason that some countries have agreed to unite and form a single customs agency such as the World Customs Agency, to assist in responding to the dynamics of cross border trade.

Member countries have agreed to harmonise border procedures and ease trade. The United States and South Africa are both members of the World Customs Organisation. This study is part of growing research on understanding the border procedures of different trading nations. In using the United States and South Africa in the context of tobacco products' importation, this study will contribute to future studies on border procedures.   Introduction In an era of globalisation, global trade offers immense benefits to all countries.

Access to international markets by business communities is important for the growth of their business and delays at the borders can lead to substantial losses. Trade facilitation by customs and other border agencies are essential for the reduction of trade costs and for enhancement of international trade. All goods that enter into an importing country pass through a border in gaining entry into the country. Due to the increasing global trade, countries are facing numerous challenges pertaining to security and clearing of goods at the border.

As a result, both developed and developing countries are implementing various measures aimed at securing borders and facilitating lawful trade. World Customs Organization members have made their Customs administration procedures and practices more efficient by adopting the revised Kyoto Convention. The Convention offers a lot of benefits including preparation of Modern Customs code. This essay compares and contrasts the United States and South Africa border controls procedures in relation to the importation of tobacco products. The governing principles, procedures and relevance of the revised Kyoto Convention pertaining to tobacco products importation will be included. International Trade and Border Controls International trade is important for the development of many economies and facilitating it through simple but effective customs and administrative border procedures impact heavily on the flow of trade.

Regulations and policies that enhance and promote efficient border operations play a crucial role in enhancing trade (Sourdin & Pomfret 2012, p. 4). Border controls are done by various government agencies and they rely on security and management agencies at the border to provide information on stakeholders using border services.

Export and import countries have different methods and types of control at their borders. In addition, border check procedures are not similar and criteria for judging conformity of products may be different as well as analytical techniques used (Sourdin & Pomfret 2012, p. 6). Regulation and control of trade are done by many government agencies and they inspect and control the entrance of goods into an importing country. Co-ordination of work by these border agencies and delegation of authority is carried out in ensuring that control and inspection procedures are done smoothly.

This enables the facilitation of trade and increased border controls effectiveness.

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