The paper 'The Japanese Values of Precision Accuracy and Punctuality' is a great example of a Macro and Microeconomics Case Study. Precision and punctuality are believed to be the order of the day in Japanese society in workplaces and social settings. Punctuality is highly regarded as an important factor that has contributed to the success of the Japanese economy in the global scene. In 2013, train transport between Osaka and Tokyo recorded an average delay of six seconds only. There is a deep sense of respect for other people’ s businesses with concerns that such activities should not be interrupted due to lateness (Tomalin and Nicks, 2010).
However, the lack of flexibility has been faulted by critics who believe that the Japanese people are too obsessed with timekeeping and precision. However, the origin of such values is still unknown to many with questions arising on whether such values existed before industrialization in Japan. Foreign engineers who arrived in Japan in the early 19 century complained about the Japanese lack of time consciousness. The fact that the values are associated with Japan’ s position as a global economic powerhouse raises concern on the origin of such values. The History of the Japanese Culture of Punctuality and Precision The Nara period In the history of Japan, the Nara period occurred between CE 710-794, where agriculture was the main economic activity.
Most of the population was based in villages, where they could participate in the gardening as a family. Punctuality in this period was absent due to the agricultural nature of their economic activities. However, the society was keen on doing what is right, a foundation where the current values were based.
This was evident in their religious lives that were based on the worship of an ancestral spirit called Kami. Apart from agriculture, the Japanese were also involved in the construction of roads that linked the Nara province with other regions. The construction of the roads was done to allow the movement of people and facilitate tax collection through the routes created. However, there were little commercial activities in the rest of Japan with the majority of the Japanese focusing on agriculture (Buckley, 2009). The Tokugawa period In 1639, the Japanese rulers implemented an isolation policy that restricted western ships from docking at the Japanese harbors.
A unique Japanese culture was developed during the period of isolation of the Japanese from the outside world. Japanese society was able to create and develop their culture that affected their way of life and their economic activities. Researchers believe that the Japanese were not punctual in the Tokugawa period, which lasted between 1603 and 1868. In 1857, a historical document by Willem Van Kettendyke showed how the Japanese society was poor at keeping time.
During the Tokugawa period, the Japanese divided time into six equal units called koku, rather than the use of clocks that were used in other societies. However, the modesty and politeness of the Japanese were highly valued during this period, where respect for authority was also treasured (Fitzgerald, 2011). The Meiji Restoration Period The Meiji restoration period between 1868 and 1912 became a turning point for the Japanese, where timekeeping was introduced. In 1873, the Japanese modified and adapted their own clock system called the wake, which used a Chinese zodiac instead of the Arabic numbers used in the European clock (Schirokauer, Lurie, and Gay, 2012).
This was a historical landmark, where precision and punctuality were considered as crucial components in the economy of Japanese society. The introduction of the values was connected to the westernization of Japanese society during the Meiji Restoration period. Their military, which initially made up of sword carrying warriors, was replaced by a conventional army that matched with the western countries. Many Samurai warriors; therefore, changed their work to teaching as they were replaced with conventional western-like armies.
This contributed to the formation of an education system that was based on the Samurai teaching of Bushido (Griffis, 2006). It is believed that the accuracy and precision of the Samurai were transferred to the school during this period. Being the teachers in the Japanese education system, they introduced the teachings on the need for accuracy, punctuation, and precision.
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