The paper "Inequalities in the Workplace" is a good example of gender and sexual studies coursework. When we browse through the history of the social order, which is always an economic hierarchy, we find the compartmentalized societies, where every class had an assigned work to perform and non was allowed to violate the rules; prescribed by the social order. Aristotle; the renowned Greek Philosopher, advocated that slavery was natural. He poses a question first. He wanted to know whether slavery was natural or it was the violation of nature. (Aristotle) (1) And he finds an easy answer to his query.
To him, slavery was not a violation of the rules of nature. To him, the birthrights were determined by the birthplace of the person. The Indian society has been the victim of the strict cast system since ages and the system is protected by the Hindu religion. Obviously such societies do not encourage social mobility and the victim has no other option but to suffer the plight of the social stratification. Different occupational groups had to live within the prescribed circumference.
In the above-cited work ethics to question inequality in the workplace is a great sin. But the working conditions, with the advent of the modern world, are changed. “ In pre-war days when anyone thought or talked about the possibility of a fundamental reorganization of economic society, it was usually assumed that the driving force power of such reorganization would be furnished by the Laboring Class. ” (Hoover, Calvin B)(3) But later, as suggested by Calvin B. Hoover, “ the economic order” was changed and in Italy and Germany it was the not the proletariat class which was responsible for the change in the economic order but all other classes contributed for the change.
To substantiate his stance he cites the development of the economic order in the USA. The economic legislation of the New Deal was brought by pressure from almost all classes in the United States (see Hoover, Calvin B) (4). As every modern constitution safeguards the rights of every individual to work so new rules and regulations are passed to provide much friendly atmosphere for employees. But the issue of inequality in the workplace was not given that much importance as it is witnessed in recent years.
The issues of gender inequality, child labor and the issue of palatable working conditions are given much importance than ever in human history. The concept of bondage labor is a heinous crime nowadays and modern societies are struggling hard to protect people from slavery or bondage labor. The civil society of any locality is at its feet to protest such labor. Protection of dignified labor is the great achievement of human history. But it won’ t be far-fetched here to first find what does equality means in the workplace as it is a persistent effort of human beings to provide the congenial space for workers to work.
Equality in the workplace demands the contentious efforts by the given society where it is still an uphill task to achieve the goal of friendly culture for work. Philip J. O’ Connell and Helen Russell of Economic and Research Institute submitted their report to the Equality Authority England in 2005. They made a very important point in suggesting that equality promotes efficiency in the workplace and moreover, it strengthens the democratic norms in any society where equality in the workplace is taken care of.
Philip J O’ Connell and Helen Russell are of the opinion that equality in a workplace is a relative term; there can not be any set rules for every society to follow. It is a common effort of all the social groups to have a friendly workplace. But the universal norm is to condemn the social stratification to provide an ample opportunity for every individual to work. . (See Philip J O’ Connell and Helen Russell).
Equality in the workplace is emphasized since it is helpful for the healthy environ where people from all strata of the society can exploit their talent which promotes the culture of creativity in the given society and generates initiative to work. So, we have fewer parasites and much of the workers, willing to contribute to society. A particular value base is obsequious to enhance social mobility. The stratified societies remain conservative by sticking to their social norms and are the great hurdles in achieving democratic values.
Equality flows from a particular value base - a value base that has a particular emphasis on the shared humanity of all in society and the implications of this. (Philip J. O’ Connell and Helen Russell) (5)
(1) Aristotle, Politics, Book I, Chapters iii through vii
(2) Aristotle, Politics, Book I, Chapters iii through vii
(3) Hoover, Calvin B, The Paths of Economic Change: Controlling Tendencies in the Modern World, The American Economic Review,vol.25,No 1,pp 13-20
(4) Hoover, Calvin B, The Paths of Economic Change: Controlling Tendencies in the Modern World, The American Economic Review,vol.25,No.1, pp 13-20
(5) Connell Philip J O’ and Russell Helen, Equality at Work?(Work Place Equality Policies, Flexible Working Arrangement and the Quality of Work), A Research Report submitted to The Equality Authority, 2005, foreword.
(6) Gender Inequality in the Workplace: Wise to Social Issues; September15, 2008, Wise To Social Issues Digest. The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. 2007.
Viewpoint. Available from www.socialissues.wiseto.com/Articles/FO3020630304
(7) Work Place Inequality Remains Commonplace, USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), March, 2005. Available from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2718_133/ai_n12938299
(8) Connell Philip J O’ and Russell Helen, Equality at Work?(Work Place Equality Policies, Flexible Working Arrangement and the Quality of Work), A Research Report submitted to The Equality Authority, 2005. Legal Context.
(9) A.R.Kamal, Income Inequality in Pakistan and Strategy to Reduce Income Inequality, Introduction.
(10)Sexual Harassment on Rise in Pakistan, Daily News and Analysis, December 03, 2007.
(11) Halevy, Eva Etzioni, Social Change: The Advent of Maturation of Modern Society, Routledge, 1981, pp 148-149