The paper "International Business Management - Wal-Mart Stores Inc" is an outstanding example of a business case study. Operations of Multinational Corporations are affected by both the firm- level and country-level factors, which are responsible for their failure or success especially in the emerging markets. The process creates greater interest and urgency in ways of developing a better understanding of the various deployments and diffusion of managerial strategies as part of international business management practices. Wal-Mart Stores Inc, is one of the largest Multi-National Corporations in the world, dealing with retails and operations of hypermarkets, grocery stores and discount department stores (Wal-Mart, 2016).
The excellence record in the United States over the years facilitated its expansion and globalization into other regions of the world. Due to the internal factors within the United States and its breakout point leverage, the company has excelled in all fronts on a domestic level. Different firm-level factors have contributed to its success as well as failures coupled with country-level issues that have impacted on the failure aspects within emerging markets like Mexico and Africa. Discussion Firm-Level Factors Corporate Structure As the largest non- government employer in the world, Wal-Mart’ s corporate structure is responsible for the success in emerging markets’ build-up.
In regions like Africa and Mexico, the structural decision- making and level of operations are centralized under the hierarchical form, respective of the emerging market portfolio (Attarzadeh and Ow 2010, p. 7). In the two countries, the setup and authority levels are decentralized according to the operational monarchisms needed with equivalent handling and execution of all demands. The respective employee base and management levels all follow the chain of command in delivery of the duties as well as sticking to the laid down protocols and rules of engagement.
It is then transferred into the corporations’ objectives goals and objectives, as well as mission and vision for longevity and profitability. Any issues arising from the setup is only deliberated at the senior level without interrupting the functionalities of the whole system. The other unique element of the corporate structure as a firm-level factor in the success of the company in emerging markets is the driven corporate structural handling of its proceedings.
At each of the representative market basis, Wal-Mart has a written down and undertaken management delivery of all the operational settings within the organization. According to Besner and Hobbs (2012), the devolved system within the organization is built on accountability with involvement at the top level. The headquarters being at Bentonville, Arkansas, all other representative offices follow the same approach in delivering all the requirements irrespective of their location and market dynamics. At the conclusion of proceeds, accountability is ensured by the reported mechanisms back to the headquarters for confirmation and delivery of strategic decisions.
They are thus maintained in an in-house capacity with the hierarchical demands of the overall organizational plans, sustainability and progression. Management The top management of Wal-Mart Inc. has been an integral part of the company’ s success in the establishment of is expansion programs all over the globe. With the centralization process based in Arkansas, all the relevant authority and respective jurisprudence requirements are made and facilitated in the same place. It is then transferred through the collective approach to all other regional head offices for simultaneous and synchronized functionalities (Pedersen and Tihany 2010).
Of most significance is the accumulated inference used in managerial assertions with the policies that govern each store or office in the emerging markets. For example, the financial results of each year can be analyzed at the headquarter basis for reviews and subsequent effective decision concerning the policies for implementation to be made. The main headquarters does not have to be involved in the holistic approach as they are independent and self- driven.
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