The paper “ Values and Conflict in Organisations” is an opposite example of a business assignment. Utilitarianism is a consequence-based theory: it does not matter why an individual did something (intent), nor does it matter exactly what an individual did (action) only the end result (consequence) matters. Utilitarianism is mainly characterized by two elements: consequentialism and happiness (Gay, 2002). In consequentialism, the consequences of actions are fundamental to the moral judgment of those actions. The action in itself is not wrong or right, the thing that is morally relevant is the consequence of the action.
As a teleological theory, utilitarianism emphasizes pleasure, happiness, or utility as the desired goals for human action and choice. Utilitarian happiness is the utmost happiness that each individual supposedly looks for. Under utilitarianism, all things useful to happiness are good. The utility is found in all things that contribute to the happiness of each rational person. The criteria of good and evil are balanced between the happiness of a community and that of an individual each counting in an equal manner. Consequentialism is an element of utilitarianism, which states that an action has to be judged for its effects on the happiness of the biggest number of people (Paley, 2002).
A person's search for happiness normally stops when it curtails the happiness of another person or the happiness of the biggest number, of the community or society. Since personal freedom is taken into consideration with respect to the freedom of other persons and of the community, an individual ends when it reduced the society's being and freedom of another person. 1.1 StrengthsOne of the strengths of utility theory is that it views morality in teleological terms; the object of people's moral action is as important as an action’ s moral status partly depends on the motivation for acting.
Kant referred to this important moral principle as the categorical imperative, which tells individuals the way to act regardless of the goal they might desire or the end.
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