The paper 'Anti-Globalization Protesters' is a wonderful example of a Macro and Microeconomics Essay. Since the invention of wheel technology in Mesopotamia a couple of thousand years ago, transport and communication have made tremendous steps. From the invention of the telephone by Graham Bell to that eventful first flight by the Wright brothers or discovery of the internet all these steps have a great impact on our world. Movement of information, goods, and services has reached the pinnacle of our world today. This has led to the exchange of ideas, culture, and other vital things from one country to another.
It has eliminated boundaries and transformed the whole world into a global village. This has brought unprecedented interdependence and it is impractical for any single country to survive on its own. This is what has since been coined by scholars as globalization. For the last two decades, after the end of the cold war and the dismantling of the Berlin wall. The leftist has started a new war front based on the idea of globalization. To them, globalization has become a new form of colonization.
They argue just as Karl Max had claimed more than a century ago that globalization is driven by the accumulation of wealth by using unscrupulous means. They argue that few people have used devious means to continue exploiting the weak as they maximize their profits which to some extent is the main ideology of capitalism. Conversely, it is paramount to distinguish anti-globalization activists from the communists, the latter contest capitalist economic model while the latter oppose the means and power which multinational companies command. Globalization, in essence, means the movement of goods and services from one country to another.
Although there existed trade in recent human history that involved movement of goods in large scale such as Silk Road and Trans Atlantic trade; globalization picked after industrialization in Europe in the nineteenth century. With the emergence of large companies that were controlled by the bourgeoisie class; who held enormous political power, they embarked on profit maximization. In their quest, they employed exploitive tactics that include child labor, poor working conditions, meager pay, and overworking the workers for over twenty hours.
This made them accumulate unprecedented capital and there was an automatic need for expansion. With expansion there was always surplus production, need for more raw materials and market for their goods. These triggered European superpowers to colonize the new world in order to acquire inputs and at the same time have markets for their output. In the process, some started to outsource because of several economic factors. Firstly, the rise of democracy led to advocacy for human rights which meant that the elected governments had an obligation to protect their citizens from exploitation.
Secondly, the rise of trade unions to fight for workers forced these companies to spend more in terms of salary and working conditions. Thirdly, there was the emergence of green movements who advocated for the conservation of the environment. This made these companies move to other in order to cut these costs. For more than a hundred years, they have been fierce debate about the suitability of globalization with opposing school of thoughts. One of the dominant forces is anti-globalization who has opposed the idea because of what they term as subjugation and exploitation of the third world countries or vice versa.
According to them, globalization at international level is a mere pool of countries brought together by hypocrisy rather than cooperation where each country pursues its self-interest. In the economic, political, and social fronts each country tries to articulate for what suits them at the expense of the others. This has led to several injustices and some of them are discussed here below:
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