Leadership What is leadership? Illustrate your answer with reference to academic research and personal leadership heraldry2/26/2010homeAims and Objectives There are two major aims and objectives of this essay. The first objective is to analyze the various leadership theories for acquainting the reader with the strengths and weaknesses of diverse theoretical positions in the leadership field. This essay is also aimed at exploring the skills and expertise that are needed to constructively participate in the development and execution of leadership. Introduction Leadership is the quality of a person through which is received the help and cooperation of others in order to accomplish common objectives and goals.
Leadership is also known as an aggregate of courage, discipline, intelligence and humaneness, all these elements in isolation from each other result in complete failure of leadership ( Giddens 1984 pp. 354). So, a proper integration and synchronization of all these five factors makes a perfect leader (Sun Tzu. 1998 pp 56). A theory is the philosophical underpinning of a phenomenon, quality, a process or a situation. The following theories of leadership explain as to why some of the people are successful leaders, while others are not.
The theoretical framework given here under also explains the situation where some people perform like successful leaders and the others flinch away. The difference between a leader and a manager is also explained in the context of following theories. Part 1 Leadership Theories and Academic Research The different schools of thought regarding leadership have propounded various theories including the intelligence, values and norms, situations, functions and tasks, behavior and attitude, social communication and interaction, power and authority among others (Bass, B.M.
& Bass, R. 2008 pp 45). These theories are described in the following paragraphs. Trait TheoryTrait theory is aimed at explaining the characteristics of an effective leadership. These traits are also explored by Plato in his famous book Republic as what are the qualities that differentiate between an ordinary person and a leader. It is assumed that the leadership traits are based on the characteristics possessed by the individuals (Vroom, Victor H.; Yetton, Phillip W. 1973 pp 65). “Trait Theory of Leadership” is founded on characteristics of people. In this perspective, various theories were put forth by different philosophers like Thomas Carlyle and Francis Gallon.
It has been explained that the leadership is an inherited feature. So, it is believed that leaders were born and not developed with the passage of time. Both these theories had put stress that the leadership traits are rooted deep in the attributes of the leader. The main attributes pointed out by the political thinkers are dominance, integrity, intelligence, self-confidence, persistence, consistency, adaptability and social and economic status. Leader Attribute Pattern ApproachThis model of theoretical approach is completely opposite to the trait theory.
Under this approach the thinkers argue that the leadership can be better understood when the particular person is taken as an integrated totality and whole instead of summing up the individuals attributes. In simple words, this approach criticizes the trait theory and postulates that joint synchronization or combination of variance in the peoples traits can better explain and describes that the concrete differences and discrepancy in both the leader effectiveness and leader emergence (Smith, J.A. , & Foti, R.J. 1998 pp 147-160).
This theory transgresses the limitation of single attributes or the aggregation of multiple characteristics. Behavioral theory