Running Head: Quantitative and Qualitative Research CritiqueNursing Preceptors and First Patient DeathStudent’s NameProfessor’s NameSubject Code and NameDate SubmittedNursing Preceptors and First Patient DeathQuantitative Research Critique1. Differential dimension of death anxiety in nursing students with and without experienceThe article explained the different dimensions that were encountered by experienced and none experienced nursing students. 2. AbstractThe abstract gives clear information on the stages of research study. It also predicted which group endorsed high level of anxiety but the reason leading to this was not explicitly explained. (Chen et al, 2006, pg919)3. Introduction 3.1 Statement of the problemThe research was conducted to derive the different dimensions of death anxiety in nursing students comparing those with and without experience. 3.2 Hypothesis or research question(s)This study was done to assess the hypothesis that, experienced nursing students endorsed higher level of death anxiety on one dimension of death anxiety, fear of the unknown.
The study assesses the death anxiety in nursing students, the degree of self presentation towards a socially desirable response and impact of social desirability on death anxiety in leading to high level of death anxiety to experienced nursing students. 3.3 Literature reviewThe problem researched was to determine when death anxiety began so that interventions could be implemented to mediate its development. 4.
Method4.1 Protection of participants’ rights; The participants were assured of security by the management of undergraduate nursing conducting the research on them. 4.2 Research DesignThe design used in the article is experimental study in which small groups of students were put under a test and answer some questions. 4.3 Population and sampleThe participants were specifically undergraduate nursing students in their first or final year in both medical and non medical fields.
Those interested in the study were 169 in number but those who participated were only 152. It was voluntary to all who were interested (Chen et al, 2006, pg. 923)4.4 RecruitmentRecruitment of the participants was based on their age, the death of someone close to them and seeing someone die in their life as nursing students. 4.5 Data collectionQuestionnaires were used to collect data in this article. The advantages of using this method of collecting data are that it is more objective and the reply is quick. Its disadvantage lies in the fact that the open ended queries take a long time to process and analyze. 5.
Results 5.1 Data AnalysisThe method of data analysis used was content analysis in that the content of the article was compared to the hypothesis of the research to check if the two coincided. 5.2 FindingsThe research indicated that the older nursing students had most encounters with death of someone close or seen someone die than the inexperienced students. Suggestions made were that the staff should monitor the impact of age on the assessment of death anxiety.
Limitations faced included availability of a small sample group which limited the owner of analyses to be made and inability to account for reports which was due to random selection of participants. 6. Discussion 6.1 Implications and recommendationThe article implied that the nursing students lacked proper preparations while in their training and use of trained and qualified staff was recommended (Chen, 2006, pg. 924).