Quantitative research critique Title: A preliminary study to evaluate a patient-centered asthma education programme on parental control of home environment and asthma signs and symptoms in children with moderate-to-severe asthma. AbstractThe abstract contains necessary elements for the research though it exempts others. The elements consists of; aims and objectives, background, design, method, results, conclusions, relevance to clinical practice. The abstract excludes important elements such as implications and recommendations of the research. Introduction3.1 Statement of the problemThe purpose of the research is to assess the efficiency of nurse-led patient-centered asthma educational programmes and home environmental control behaviours of parents in managing children with moderate or severe asthma. 3.2 Hypothesis or research question(s) The study hypothesis was primarily aimed at assessing whether patient centered educational programmes can be effective in improving asthma morbidity than a mere routine educational programme.
From the research the dependent variable comprises of; changes in home environmental control behaviors among parents and independent variable is level of improvement in asthma signs and symptoms among children in relation to patient-centered asthma education programmes and routine asthma education. 3.3 Literature reviewLiterature review covers an extensive body of knowledge in relation to the topic.
From the research it is clear that self management and health educational programmes based on international or national asthma treatment guidelines tends to improve the health of asthmatic children. Additionally, past studies indicates that promotion of good environmental behaviors is essential to for parental management of asthma among their children. 4. Method4.1 Protection of participants’ rights The participant’s were recruited from two medical centres approved by institutional review boards and before the children were recruited the researchers received parental consent.
This was mainly done to safe guard the privacy of information gathered. 4.2 Research DesignThe research design utilized quantitative research methodology through the use of a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group design. 4.3 Population and sampleFinal sample comprised of 75 parents and their 75 children. Experimental group had 38 parents who took part in a 12 week patient centered asthma education programme which was conducted by well trained asthma education nurses. The comparison group had 37 parents and their children were subjected to routine asthma education. 4.4 RecruitmentParticipants were recruited through purposive sampling from the asthma clinics of two medical centers in central Taiwan.
4.5 Data collection Data was collected through parental self reported behaviours (HECL) of their children signs, symptoms after the intervention and during three months asthmatic educational programme. 5. Results (5 marks)5.1 Data AnalysisSPSS for windows version was used to analyze data, descriptive statistics was used to analyze demographic characteristics, byinferential statistics i. e., chi-square and independent t-test was used to analyze the homogeneity of characteristics in the experimental and comparison groups. HECL was used to evaluate effectiveness of patient centered programme using the general linear model. 5.2 Findings Results showed that patient-centered asthma education programmes effectively improved parent’s household dust as well as cleaning behaviours relative to the pretest and comparison group hence enabling parents to manage their asthmatic children more easily. 6.
Discussion (6 marks)6.1 Implications and recommendationsReduction of animal allergens in the homes does not improve asthma control rather keeping the pets outside the house was more recommendable. Additionally, it is necessary for efficient teaching practices to be developed in future.