The paper "What Role Did NATO and America Play in the War 2008 Between Georgia and Russia? " is a marvellous example of a research proposal on politics. The field of internal relationships has emerged as a complex but increasingly important area, especially after the two World Wars that have redefined the political dynamics of states. Furthermore, the post-WWII period was defined by two superpowers: USSR and USA. NATO had come into being primarily to ensure that the European Union was not threatened by the Balkan States which were under the strong influence of USSR.
Moreover, America’ s dominant role in NATO reinforced the balance of power in the EU region. Even after the disintegration of USSR in 1991, Russia’ s influence on its fragmented communist states was an important factor. At the same time, the Balkan region and Eastern Europe faced challenges from the myriad front, not the least from political instability and survival. Their realignment with the EU was not only a political necessity for survival but it was an important step towards freedom from the tyranny of Russia. As such, in the changing political scenario, the role of NATO and America in global politics becomes significant, especially in the absence of another superpower.
The research would, therefore, focus on the role of NATO and America in the 2008 war between Georgia and Russia. Research questions 1. Will the presence of NATO in Georgia serve as an effective deterrent for Russian troops in the future? 2. Is America’ s interest in Georgia totally holistic or does it have ulterior motives? 3. Will American hegemony in NATO threaten the survival of the EU?
Research aims and objectives The major aims and objectives of the research would be to identify and evaluate the factors that impact the international political economy of states, especially Georgia which has high political significance. It would also explore the dynamics of peacekeeping efforts In Georgia vis-à -vis interdependency of resources that have become major issues for reconciliations, mutual cooperation and building a constructive relationship between states across the globe. Literature review The war has exposed the political insecurity of the Balkan region, especially the states which are politically significant to Russia.
The proximity to the Russian border and deeper alliance of large breakaway part of Georgia, South Ossetia region pose serious challenges to the political economy of the independence of Georgia as a state. Asmus (2010) says that the 2008 war reveals that Russia still plays a critical role in the Balkan region, especially within those states which were its part prior to its disintegration. Nichol (2009) also confirms that Ossetia was just an excuse to invade Georgia. Indeed, Russia could not have let go of Georgia to the EU so easily because of its strategic position in world geography.
Most importantly, it looked at Georgia as a real threat because of the ongoing democratic processes and elections that had moved it away from being a socialist state to a democratic state (Rich, 2010; McDormett, 2009). Moreover, the war had exposed the ineffectiveness of NATO and EU in timely averting the war or in Russia’ s boldness in keeping its military within the borders of Georgia (Cohen & Hamilton, 2011). This also shows new perspectives on the relationship between EU and Russian (Lynch, 2004).
Indeed, the duality of war and peace become interesting issues within the broader parameters of international relations. Giles (2010) believes that NATO’ s reducing strength was also an important issue within the restructuring of Europe and breakaway parts of USSR. Research method The research would be using case study analysis to probe deeper into the factors of the conflict and also the role of external agencies, especially role of EU, NATO and America in the 2008 war between Georgia and Russia.
This approach would help to test the argument/ question that lies within a conceptual framework of international relations. It is most suitable as it would enable one to explain the conflicts, the socio-political dynamics of states and imperatives of the international political economy. Research methodology The research would be applying constructivist theory and using normative analysis to answer research questions. Constructivist theory becomes highly relevant within international relations as it looks at the wider perspectives of human relationships within the broader precinct of international borders. Most importantly, it often treats the states as individuals to evaluate their actions against the context of interaction.
Significance of the research In the current times, America has emerged as the most powerful country of the world and its increasing misuse of power is reflected in its aggressive stand against sovereign nations like Iraq, Iran, Vietnam, Afghanistan, etc. In fact, Vietnam War, Iraq war and war in Afghanistan, and its dominant role in World Bank, United Nations, IMF, etc. are prime examples of its autocracy in the international area. As such, the dominant role of America in NATO could undermine the importance of Europe and its role in world politics.
This is a serious issue as Georgia is a politically important state within Europe that plays a key role in the balancing of political power against Russia and its confederate states. Thus research could reveal strategic details of the role of America, both in NATO and in 2008 war between Georgia and Russia.