The paper “ Why Some People Fail to Heed Evacuation Orders” is an exciting example of the case study on management. When Hurricane Karina hit New Orleans on the morning of Monday, August 29, over 70,000 people had not evacuated (Knabb, Rhome, and Brown 2005). It would have been possible to evacuate these people but most failed to heed evacuation orders. The consequences were that the people faced the immediate threat of drowning in the rising floodwaters after the levees broke at several points. Later, the victims faced the danger of starvation and exposure as they lacked shelter.
In total 1,836 people lost their lives in Hurricane Katrina; most had failed to heed evacuation orders (Knabb, Rhome and Brown 2005). Another, 117 people died when Hurricane Sandy hit the northwest some years later. When evacuation orders are issued, many people heed them and evacuate voluntarily to designated shelters and other safer areas. However, a good number of people choose to remain in their homes despite the knowledge that their lives are at risk. Warnings by the National Weather Service had indicated that Hurricane Katrina would cause devastating damage.
The warnings also indicated that most well-constructed houses would be damaged in the raging storm and subsequent flooding. It also forecast that the storm would cause incomparable human suffering. However, despite these warnings, thousands of New Orleans residents still refused to heed evacuation orders. According to Dewan and Roberts (2005), 10 to 25 percent of the population regularly fails to evacuate despite strong warnings of danger. Failure to heed evacuation orders has seen many individuals lose their lives when natural disasters strike inside evacuation zones.
They risk death by drowning, electrocution by submerged electrical cables, starvation, and attacks by criminals. So why do so many people decide to remain behind despite the apparent danger? Understanding the reasons for failing to heed evacuation orders is crucial in minimizing loss of life when disaster strike-through complete evacuation. In this paper, the reasons for not heeding evacuation orders are discussed.
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