Essays on Influence of the Classical and Human Relations Approaches in Management Today Coursework

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The paper "Influence of the Classical and Human Relations Approaches in Management Today " is an outstanding example of management coursework.   Classical management theory and human relations theory are two management theories that have evolved for a long time. The two theories have been used in combination by managers in some cases in order to achieve the best results. While the classical management theory looks at the employee as a way of getting the job done, human relations theory looks at coming up with organisation behaviors and motivating the workers to get the work done.

The classical management approach was started during the late 19th century and early in the 20th century. The main theories used to come up with the classical approach are based on efficiency (Mintzberg, 1973). At the time, there was an industrial revolution and firms were looking for the way to increase their production. Among the classic theories developed were by, Max, Fredrick Taylor, and Henri Fayol (Heames & Breland, 2010). The theories were Taylor’ s scientific management, Fayol’ s Administrative Management, and Bureaucratic management by Weber. The human relations theory came up as a result of the reaction to the classical theories which put emphasis on mechanical and psychological aspects of management (Heames & Breland, 2010).

The human relations theory was more human-oriented and looked into aspects such as motivations, needs, behaviours, and attitudes of the employees. Hawthorne experiments were based on the behavioural viewpoint and led to the human relations movement. This paper will critically look at the influence of the classical and human relations approaches in management today using relevant literature and cases. Classical management theories were the first management thought that was developed.

The writers who were involved in the classical theories are considered to be the pioneers of management. By looking at the classical theories, the managers were supposed to work in ensuring that their organisation had the highest levels of efficiency. The main aim of the theories was to enable the organisation to increase production through high levels of efficiency. The Scientific management theory was aimed at coming up with the best method to accomplish a task. The method is seen to relate mostly to lower-level managers.

Thus, the method is referred to as lower-level management theory and had a lot of input by Fredrick Taylor (Wrege & Hodgetts, 2000). The method looked at the best way to perform a task (Sheldrake, 2003).

References

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Heames, J.T & Breland, J.W 2010, “Management Pioneer Contributors: 30 Year Review”, Journal of Management History, Vol.16, no.4, p.427-436.

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Wrege, C and Hodgetts, R 2000, “Frederick W. Taylor’s 1899 Pig Iron Observations: Examining Fact, Fiction and Lessons for the New Millenium”. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1283-1291.

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