Essays on Work Organization in a Post-Industrial Economy Coursework

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The paper "Work Organization in a Post-Industrial Economy" is a great example of business coursework.   Work in the post-industrial economy according to Hunter (2005, p. 113) has intensely transformed the aspect of the working hours as well as how to work structure is organised. As mentioned by Franklin and Blyton (2013, p. 231), paid work is becoming more and more dominant in the lives of the people, and this is a long way from the rise in leisure that was anticipated from the technological revolution since scores of workers are currently working more intensively and longer hours as compared before.

It appears that challenges impacting the integration of workers’ outside life and paid work, currently acknowledged as ‘ work-life balance’ , have become the key issue between trade unions and employers in the current working environment. The dominant predicament obscuring the time between leisure as well as work, according to Griffin (2013) is the increased working hours in the present international marketplace that operates twenty-four hours. Furthermore, distance, time and space have been compressed by IT, spatial, and temporal boundaries between personal life as well as paid work, which becoming more imaginary.

Whereas such phenomena can generate novel opportunities as well as widen prospects for the highly skilled and most educated knowledge workforces, enabling them to work where and when they desire, novel problems as well crop up (Griffin, 2013). Post-industrial economy resulted at the end of natural working hours and led to the introduction of unequal employment patterns long working hours as well as brutalised the labour experience. It consequently, deprived employees of their dignity and autonomy, making them live to work instead of working to live.

For this reason, the essay analyses the working longer hours as a key aspect of work organisation that was attributed to Post-industrial economy. Body During industrialisation, the middle class materialized who included skilled employees, accountants, clerks, managers, among others. The middle class had the needed money for both surviving and buying leisure goods, and as a result, they lived contentedly. Majority shifted away from the capitals since they believed the slum was unpleasant and unhygienic, which consequently, resulted at the beginning of outskirts, or neighbourhoods that were socially isolated. Still, most of the people working in the industrialized areas subsisted in appalling, cruel conditions due to poor salaries; so, they had to work for more hours to meet their daily needs (Goloboy, 2008, p. 51).   The memoirs clearly indicate that pre-industrial Australia had not enough work, and for this reason, people were not fully employed all through the year.

So, they had adequate leisure time; however, most families were living an uncomfortable life due to lack of income. As mentioned by Griffin (2013), the lack of reliable employment as well compelled workforces to remain in their positions, which to the majority was unbecoming or completely manipulative. However, this drastically changed during the industrialization since there was lots of work in the factories that required healthy and strong workers.

In this case, there were more jobs in constructing the factories and working in already built factories. As stated by Mills et al. (2006, p. 77), the industrial employees required homes and food, and so they had to work more hours to get paid. Scholars such as Haber (1992, p. 20) have pointed out clearly that increase in working hours was attributed to industrialisation, and in the contemporary economy working for longer hours has been related to worsening living standards.

A few workers benefited from industrialisation, but certainly, not all employees got better salaries or valued the new conditions of working. Still, the majority established that industrialization highlighted the difference between plenty and poverty.

References

Beder, S., 2001. Working Long Hours. Engineers Australia, p.42.

Bittman, M. & Rice, J.M., 2002. he Spectre of Overwork: An Analysis of Trends Between 1974 and. 1997 Using Australian Time-Use Diaries. Labour & Industry, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.5-25.

Burke, R.J. & Cooper, C.L., 2008. The Long Work Hours Culture: Causes, Consequences and Choices. London: Emerald Group Publishing.

Franklin, A. & Blyton, P., 2013. Researching Sustainability: A Guide to Social Science Methods, Practice and Engagement. New York: Routledge.

Gill, A.S., 2008. The role of trust in employee‐manager relationship. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 20, no. 1, pp.98 - 103.

Goloboy, J.L., 2008. Industrial Revolution: People and Perspectives. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.

Griffin, E., 2013. Why Workers Welcomed Long Hours of Industrial Revolution. [Online] Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2013-03-19/why-workers-welcomed-long-hours-of-industrial-revolution [Accessed 24 April 2015].

Haber, S.H., 1992. Assessing the Obstacles to Industrialisation: The Mexican Economy. Journal of Latin American Studies, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.1-32.

Hunter, J., 2005. Women and the Labour Market in Japan's Industrialising Economy: The Textile Industry before the Pacific War. New York: Routledge.

Mills, A.J., Mills, J.C.H., Bratton, J. & Forshaw, C., 2006. Organizational Behaviour in a Global Context. Toronto : University of Toronto Press.

MSG, 2010. Employee Relations - Importance and Ways of Improving Employee Relations. [Online] Available at: http://www.managementstudyguide.com/employee-relations.htm [Accessed 24 April 2015].

Weston, R., Gray, M., Qu, L. & Stanton, D., 2004. The impact of long working hours on employed fathers and their families. Research paper. Australian Institute of Family Studies.

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