Essays on Types of Organizational Theories Issues Case Study

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The paper 'Types of Organizational Theories Issues' is a great example of a Business Case Study. The following report covers types of organizational theories, roles of organizational structures, how Marine Five Star Hotel is managed, how I expect it to be run, recommendations and ends with a conclusion. The hotel industry is one of the busiest and sensitive sectors to work in. Staff, customers, and equipment need to be handled with ultimate care. The organizational structure needs to be applied with ease due to competition in the sector, (Richard & Daft, 2009).

In addition, due to the involvement of the job, the employees need to be motivated and empowered (Ashton, 2004) so as to keep the job spirit and glue the customer to a particular hotel. The organizational theory looks at the structure within a particular organization; there are several organizational theories such as modern, neoclassical, classical, traditional, and open systems organizational theory. The organizational structure involves the way companies organize their departments. In this regard, smaller companies assume flatter organizational structures which include few management levels while large companies take several types of organizational structures (Richard & Daft, 2009). Types of organizational theories I. Classical theory Classical theory focuses on formal perceptions related to workplace efficiency and management.

Taylor’ s scientific approach is found under this theory. Taylors approach, an emphasis that mutual trust between employees and management increases output. In addition, Webber’ s bureaucratic approach falls under this theory too, and it gives an explanation of the procedures, rules, hierarchy, and impartial importance of personnel decisions (Richard & Daft, 2009). II. The Neo-classical theory The Neo-classical theory looks at the worthiness of a person in an organization. Theories under this category use the workers as functional pieces of the organization; however, they disregard individuality and factors of human nature.

The neo-classical theory relates to workers and their social elements in place of work. It believes that productivity increases depending on the morale of the employees (Richard & Daft, 2009). To achieve this, the manager or the head of a particular department has to maintain close relationships with the employees at a bit personal level and also there should be a procedure to reward and recognize performance by different employees. III. Modern theory The modern theory is further split up to several approaches; socio-technical approach, situational or contingency approach, and the systems approach. a)The situational or contingency approach states that all situations and organizations do not have universal guidelines.

It also emphasizes that before determining the best organizational approach, environmental factors need to be put into considerations. Such factors to consider should include economic circumstances, technical, political, legal, or social (Donaldson, 2001). As per this approach, the most productive organization has the ability to adapt to its environment. b)The socio-technical approach is a modern theory that looks into three organizational elements i. e.

the workers, consumers, and tools. The workers form the social system while consumers who make up the external environment do consume the services and the product produced by a particular organization. The resources, tools, and knowledge are essential and are needed to do the job, therefore, making work easier. For any organization to succeed and achieve the highest productivity, these three systems remain vital.

References

Ashton DN. (2004). The impact of organizational structure and practice on learning in the workplace. Academy of management learning and education, vol.8, pp.43-53

Bennet RJ. & Robinson SL. (2003). The past, present and future of workplace deviance research. In J. Greenberg (Ed), Organizational behavior: the state of science (2nd Ed, pg. 247-281). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum

Donaldson L. (2001). The contingency theory of organizations. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6811366_theories-organizational-structure.html,

May 7th, 2012

Richard L. & Daft (2009). Organization theory and design. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6811366_theories-organizational-structure.html,

May 7th, 2012

Miller K. (2008). Organizational communication: approaches and processes. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6811366_theories-organizational-structure.html, May 7th, 2012

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