Essays on Organization Management and Decision Making Annotated Bibliography

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The paper “ Organization Management and Decision Making” is an exciting variant of the annotated bibliography on management. Decision making has been part of management since its early years. The strategy might be in place but making the decision to implement is not always easy as some people may think. The book claims that decision making normally follows rules. However, before making such decisions there is always oneself, what is referred to individualization, and then as a social being human also finds some influences. The chapter maintains that formal organizations exercise influence both on individuals’ identities, including the rules they are supposed to obey.

According to the author, the identities could be an accountant. For that reason, one would describe himself as a good accountant. The attitudes and rules are characterized in the form of social identities where personal identities are created. Becoming a good nurse or accountant implies understanding, accepting the principles, and following these created rules into details. Therefore, one would be expected to obey rules of what good accountants do when making decisions. As people socialize in the organization setting and move up the career ladder people internalize the rules of making decisions and become part of you.

In an organization setting, top-level managers have internalized the rules of decision making and are experienced as part of their skill, therefore they believe decision-making is their role. The chapter argues that decision making should be conducted based on logic appropriateness. According to the “ logic of appropriateness” , people obey rules that allow them to create conformity between their socially described identities such as accountants or nurses and particular circumstances. The potential decision rules are acquired from past experiences.

March argues that providing a rule to obey and obeying them is not a one-way lane since rules and practices could go under a process of modification. Rule violation sometime is considered if decisions are assigned, this is because it is not in the identity of the individual given responsible, such contributes considerably to the rule modification.

References

Beach, L.R. 1990, The Image Theory: personal and Organizational Decisions, in Beach, L.R.

Image Theory: Decision Making in Personal and Organizational Contexts, Wiley.

Linstone, H.1984, ‘Our proposed perspectives’ in Linstone. H., Multiple Perspectives for

Decision Making, North Holland, NY.

March, J.G 1994, chapter 2 (part), ‘Rule following’, in A primer on Decision Making, The Free

Press, NY.

Whittaker, J 1991, A reappraisal of Probabilistic Risk analysis’, Engineering Management

journal, 3(3), 13-16.

Mclntyre, R.M & Salas, E. 1995, “Measuring and Managing for team performance;

emerging principles from complex environments’ in Guzzo, R.A and Salas, E. & Ass (eds),

Team Effectiveness and Decision making in Organization, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

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