Essays on Moreton Island Oil Spill Disaster Case Study

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The paper "Moreton Island Oil Spill Disaster" Is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study. The Pacific Adventurer oil spill was a disaster that occurred in the sea off Brisbane in Australia in March 2009. The cargo ship called Pacific adventurer was registered in China and was traveling from Newcastle to Brisbane. The spill took place about seven nautical miles on the east of Cape Moreton before the ship entered Moreton bay. The oil spill prompted immediate action from the relevant authorities when it was reported. The response action had its strong and weak areas.

In this paper, the effectiveness of this response initiative has been examined with its strong and weak points being highlighted. Description of the event The Moreton Island oil spill disaster in Queensland took place on 11th March 2009 at about 3:15 a. m. Before the oil spread into the sea the Pacific Adventurer with a Hong Kong flag carrying ammonium nitrate lost 31 containers of the same overboard into the sea. This happened about 7 nautical miles on the east side of Cape Moreton. This made the fuel tanks of the ship to capture and as a result, heavy fuel oil leaked into the sea.

The ship later reported the incident to the Harbormaster for Brisbane at about 5:00 am in the morning. It was not immediately known how enormous the spill was since initial reports received from the ship showed that the oil spill was just small of about 20-30 tones Miller (2009). This came to be known as having been 271 tones of oil spilled. Large amounts of oil were deposited through weather conditions and tides to the coastline on the South of Cape Moreton.

South of Cape Moreton an 8-kilometer area was badly affected with the adjacent 17 km area received some light oiling. On the northern part of Cape Moreton, there is a rocky area on the foreshore lying between the North point and the cape had some light oil with part of it seen as suspensions of emulsified mousse. The Sunshine Coast running from Marcoola to Kawana and Brisbie Island beaches were also impacted by smaller oil quantities. The beaches had about 70 kilometers of their area being oiled lightly with large quantities of weathered oil or tarballs.

Since the 1970 incident when the oceanic Grandeur ship spilled about 1100 tones of oil in Torres Strait the oil spill became the largest to occur in the waters of Queensland Julian (2009). The reality of the Pacific Adventurer spill dawned on 13th March ’ 09 and the government of Queensland declared Bribie Island, Moreton Island, and the Sunshine Coast southern area a disaster under the Disaster Management Act of Queensland. In Queensland, this happened to be the first time for a disaster declaration to be made in such circumstances.

It caused national oil spill arrangements and the disaster management arrangements of Queensland to be brought together. The circumstances in which the Pacific Adventurer oil spill took place were very unique. The oil spill had a specific gravity that enabled it to be submerged before the land came into contact with it. This made it hard for the oil to be assessed early enough. The rough sea and heavy weather brought about by ex-Tropical Cyclone Hamish reduced the possibility of situational awareness as well.

References

Miller G. (2009) Pacific Adventurer Oil Spill, Independent review of responsiveness of the disaster management system support; Department of Transport and Main Roads (Maritime Safety Queensland) TMS consulting.

Julian M (2009), Report on the Pacific Adventurer Incident; Report of the Incident Analysis Team; Strategic Issues Report; Maritime Safety Authority, The Australian Government.

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