Essays on The Strategic Role of Organizational Learning in Creating Competitive Advantage Literature review

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The paper "The Strategic Role of Organizational Learning in Creating Competitive Advantage" is an outstanding example of a management literature review. With the growth of information technology and the new economy, concepts like organizational learning, knowledge management, knowledge economy and learning organization are increasingly becoming commonplace in management literature. Especially in the sphere of information technology and other knowledge-intensive industries, intellectual capital rather than other scarce resources like physical capital and labor, has come to be the crucial determinant of creating a competitive advantage for the organization. Hence, the stress has moved from the distribution of a given set of scarce resources, typically labor and physical and financial capital, to the creation, allocation and distribution of scarce resources like knowledge.

The process of knowledge creation and distribution, however, is socially determined and dependent on the interactivity of the institutional framework in which the organization operates. The literature on the organization emphasizes the cognitive processes within the organization as well as the interaction with rules and routines of related organizations. In this paper, I will review the academic literature on different categories of organizational knowledge, the difference between organizational learning and learning organization, knowledge management and the effect of organizational learning on competitive advantage.

Finally, I will review the gaps in academic literature and recommend some new lines of research. The purpose of this paper is to link the theoretical and methodological literature in order to create a guideline for the development of the competitive advantage of an organization. Organizational knowledge In the literature on knowledge management and organizational learning, knowledge is seen as the crucial parameter that leads to competitive advantage.

Drucker said in his seminal work in 1964, said: “ What does make a business distinct and what is its peculiar resource is its ability to use knowledge to social, economic and managerial advantage” (quoted in Blackman and Henderson, 2002).

Works Cited

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Argyris, C and Schon, D.A (1978). Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley

Argyris, C and Schon, D.A (1996). Organization learning II: Theory, Method and Practice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley

Blackman, Deborah and Henderson, Steven (2002). Does a Learning Organization

Facilitate Knowledge Acquisition and Transfer?

Carayannis, E.G (1999). Fostering synergies between information technology and managerial and organizational cognition: the role of knowledge management. Technovation 19: 219-31

Cook, S. & Yanow, D. (1993). Cultural and organizational learning. Journal of Management Inquiry, Vol.2, 4.

Cyert, R.M and March, J.G (1963/ 1992). A behavioral theory of the firm. Cambridge, Mass: Blackwell

Deetz, S. (1992). Democracy in an age of corporate colonization. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.

Drucker, P (1964). Managing for Results. London: Pan

Easterby-Smith, M and Lyles, M.A (2003). The Blackwell handbook or organizational learning and knowledge management. Malden, Mass: Blackwell

Halawi, Leila A (2005). Resource-Based View of Knowledge Management of Competitive Advantage. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management Volume 3 Issue 2 pp 75-86.

Huber, G.P (1991). Organizational learning: The contribution processes and the literatures. Organization Sciences 2(1): 88-115

Jian, Guowei (2000). Organizational Knowledge and Learning – A Speculation, Review and Critique, Seminar – Communication Theory, University of Colorado, Spring, retrieved from

Krohwinkel-Karlsson, Anna (2007). Knowledge and Learning in Aid Organizations. Swedish Agency for Development Evaluation. Working Paper 2007:1

Miner, A.S. and Mezias, S.J (1996). Ugly Duckling No More: Pasts and Futures of Organizational Learning Research. Organization Science. 7(1): 88-99

Nonaka, I and Takeuchi, H (1995). The knowledge-creating company: how Japanese companies create dynamics of innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Polanyi, M. (1996). The tacit dimension. In Prusak, L., Knowledge in organizations. Newton, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Porter, M.F. (1980) "Competitive Strategy", The Free Press, New York, 1980

Senge, P.M (1990). The fifth discipline: the art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday

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