Essays on Occupational Safety and Health Data of Company and Recommendations for Improvements Case Study

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The paper "Occupational Safety and Health Data of Company and Recommendations for Improvements" is a brilliant example of a case study on business. Employees are entitled to work in a safe and healthy environment. However, every year work-related accidents, ailments, and fatalities are experienced in a considerable number of organizations and companies across Australia. Occupational safety and health (OSH) are very important in any organization. Employees are the most important resource in an organization therefore, their safety and health are paramount in the realization of smooth operations, effectiveness, and efficiency. Employers have a duty of care to ensure that they protect the health, safety, and welfare of all their employees (Friend & Khon, 2010).

Nevertheless, some hazards are inevitable in the workplace. For instance, in the paint manufacturing industry, main hazards revolve around the operation of machinery, handling of flammable, toxic and explosive chemicals and noise associated with pebble mills, vibrating screens, and high-speed dispensers. These hazards are bound to expose employees to various injuries, ailments, and even fatalities (Stellman, 1998). Therefore, there is a need for employers to take the necessary precautions or measures to avert or minimize risks in the workplace. This report seeks to analyze occupational safety and health data of XYZ Company and subsequently provide recommendations for improvements.

XYZ is a paint manufacturing plant with a total of 150 workers, some working as fulltime staff member others working as contractors. Firstly, this report will analyze and discuss the OSH data of XYZ Company. Secondly, based on the findings established following the data analysis, this report will provide various recommendations that can be implemented in order to improve the company’ s overall safety and health. 2.0 Critical Analysis of XYZ’ s OHS Data 2.1 Hazards Hazards are situations that have the potential of causing a certain level of threat to health, safety, life, environment, and property.

As a company that specializes in paint manufacturing, employees working in XYZ are vulnerable to hazards related to the handling of chemicals and materials, operation of machinery, noise, and electric shock. Firstly, the manual handling of containers, barrels, or boxes can be a major source of physical injury due to possible slips, falls, improper lifting, and dropping off containers.

Secondly, possible chemical hazards at XYZ may include exposure to toxic substances such as lead chromate pigment which may occur when employees are filling or weighing mixtures (Stellman, 1998). When cleaning equipment employees are also vulnerable to exposures to harmful or explosive chemical substances. Moreover, XYZ employees are vulnerable to health hazards associated with the inhalation or skin contact with acrylates and isocyanates which are used in manufacturing polyurethane coatings and paints. Employees may also be exposed to gas emissions. Other hazards that employees are likely to experience emanate from the operation of machineries such as pebble mills and high-speed dispensers.

They could also be exposed to electrical hazards due to lack of proper machine maintenance and repair. In addition to this, employees working in XYZ are vulnerable to noise hazards associated with the operation of pebble mills, vibrating screens, and high-speed dispensers (Stellman, 1998). According to XYZ’ s OHS data, in the year 2003 to 2004, the company reported a total of 20 hazards. Between 2004-2005, the total number of hazards reported decreased significantly to 6. In the subsequent year, the number of hazards reported drastically increased to 90.

From 2006 to 2007, the hazards reported also significantly increased to 130. The chart below summarises these findings.

References

Friend, M. & Khon, J. (2010). Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health. 5th ed.

Safe Work Australia (2013). Lost Time Injury Frequency Rates. Viewed May 13 2012

Stellman, J. (1998). Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety: Industries and occupations. Volume 3. Geneva: International Labour Office. Maryland: Government Institutes.

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