The paper "Management and Science" is a great example of management coursework. Management basically refers to the act and attitude of being in charge of the responsibilities of controlling other people or activities. Management comprises of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling an organization with the aim of accomplishing a set of common goals. Management can also be expressed as an activity that controls and monitors workers in any organization with the target of achieving some desired goals set by the firm (Gold, 2001 pp 34). With the changing time, management has also evolved.
This is as a result of decentralization in the model of the organization where management has evolved resulting in some alterations, in the duty of management. Nowadays, management mainly focuses on facilitating the activities of the workers rather than controlling them as was the norm in earlier days. Proper management is the best tool to ensure productivity in an organization or a company. A manager’ s functions include; planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Planning is the first component of management and it involves the development of goals and objections in an organization.
Before planning, a manager needs to be aware of the ongoings in the external and internal business environment. It is also mandatory that he forecast likely future conditions. This help in ensuring that the plan put in place is sufficient to cover all the organization’ s needs. Next, a strategy is put in place on how those objectives will be accomplished. The objectives usually originate from the organization’ s visions and future aspirations. The planning process should be well-coordinated and requires the contribution and participation of everyone in the organization.
Finally, planners should review the success of their plans to ensure everything is working well (Ibid, pp 46). Organizing, on the other hand, is the second component after planning is complete. It generally involves providing capital, staff and resources for the running of the organization. It not only refers to people but also it involves the available resources and ensuring they are well distributed throughout the relevant sectors in the organization. Managers need to decide the best way of utilizing available resources. Moreover, it involves the most effective way to departmentalize jobs into their respective departments for efficiency.
Generally, the organizational structure fully depends on the number of employees in an organization. Staffing involves the recruitment, hiring and training of personnel. It aims at ensuring that all the fields in the organization are filled and with people who are qualified. It is also responsible for ensuring that workers have favorable working conditions for all workers in the organization (Hill, 2009 pp 89). Directing involves making decisions pertaining to the running of the business and issuing orders directives to employees. It also involves channelling the worker's energy and expertise into achieving the business objectives and at the same time assisting them to achieve their own personal career objectives (Ibid, pp 92). Controlling is the last duty in management.
It does not refer to managers manipulating the behavior of their employees; rather it refers to work-related activities. It, therefore, involves looking out for errors and weaknesses in the system of the organization by monitoring and controlling feedback. This is done to ensure all activities conform to the plan's policies and directives as setting up by the management.
It is also done to ensure performance does not deviate from the organization's standards. The organization also involves monitoring the progress of the firm and ensuring that the goals set are being met. And where an error is identified, corrective and preventive measures should be implemented. For a manager to effectively control, he requires the have a clear understanding of the organizations plans that highlight the organization's standards and objectives.
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