The paper “ The Concept of Ba, Design of Ba for Successful Knowledge Management” is an exciting example of a literature review on management. Ba is a knowledge management concept. This essay aims at discussing Ba in relation to knowledge creation. Specifically, the essay will define, give a history, describe the various type of Ba, and discuss how Ba is acquired, retained as well as communicated. The essay will also identify different forms of Ba that are inherently unimaginable and provide various working examples about how Ba applies in an organization as well as personality. Nonaka describes Ba as space that is shared for relationships that are emerging whereby there is knowledge creation, sharing as well as utilization (Bohm, 1996).
Space can be said to be physical, virtual, mental or a combination of all of them. Ba is a concept that gives a platform for an individual as well as collective knowledge advancement. New knowledge is usually created from one which is in existence by changing meanings as well as contexts (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995). The history of Ba reveals that originally, Kitaro Nishida who was a Japanese philosopher did propose the concept of Ba (Nishinda, 1990).
The concept of Ba was then advanced later by Shimizu (Shimizu, 1995). Nonaka Ikujiro adapted the concept of Ba to elaborate on the SECI model of knowledge creation. The four different types of Ba propose by Nonaka usually match with the four stages that make the SECI model. Each type of Ba usually describes a Ba that is suitable for the four modes of knowledge conversation. The different Ba’ s provide a podium for particular steps within the process of knowledge spiral.
Each type of Ba is said to support a specific process of conversion. Therefore, each type of Ba is seen to speed up the knowledge creation process. The four types of Ba include; the originating Ba, interacting Ba, Cyber Ba and exercising Ba. Nonaka & Konno (1998) describes the originating Ba as the world where individuals usually share their feelings, experience, mental model as well as emotions. In this type of Ba, an individual usually sympathizes with others so as to remove the barriers that may exist between the self as well as others.
It is considered as the primary Ba within which the process of creating knowledge starts in the SECI model. It also represents the phase of socialization. In this Ba, conversation, as well as the transfer of tacit knowledge, is usually done physically as well as face to face. According to Nonaka, physical contact in this Ba is essential for the facilitation of knowledge creation by way of socialization. The interacting Ba is usually constructed for an intended purpose as compared to originating Ba.
It involves a selection of people having the right mix of particular knowledge as well as abilities to make a project team. Dialogue is used as a tool for converting mental models of persons as well as their skills into terms and concepts that are common. Nonaka & Toyama (2002) denote that the interacting Ba utilizes two processes whereby individuals are found sharing the mental model of other people and also reflecting as well as analyzing their own mental models. In the interacting Ba, tacit knowledge is usually made explicit hence representing the externalization process.
As explained earlier, interacting Ba uses dialogue as the main method of conversing. Metaphors are also used extensively in the dialogue as major skills for the conversations. In this type of Ba, making meaning is very sensitive is essential as well as the will of making recognition of tacit knowledge explicitly. At this point, interacting Ba is usually institutionalized in the culture of the organization for collective reflection. Essentially, in interacting Ba, initiators are usually challenged to take the initiative of pursuing their own ideas.
In fact, it is said to be a place where people make of dialogue to jointly engage to make meaning as well as value for their ideas (Nonaka & Konno, 1998).