13Humanitarian aid logisticsExecutive summaryThe intention of this discussion is to demonstrate critically how logistics would boost the activities of a humanitarian organization. Logistics is a member of the supply chain system, and it entails the design, formulation, implementation and management of movement of goods and information in and out of the organization. Logistics has a number of strongholds as it enhances the productivity of an organization as well as its efficiency and effectiveness. In addition, logistics has evolved tremendously and currently uses computer based software that speed up the entire process while upholding required accuracy standards.
Logistics encompasses a number of activities that need to be coordinated appropriately so as to add value to the humanitarian aid program. This paper seeks to address the following activities; packaging and material handling, warehousing, transportation and coordination between logistics and other managerial activities. In addition, this paper will assess the benefit of the logistics activities in response to form, time and places utility. IntroductionLogistics is a management discipline that addresses the flow of raw materials or finished goods from the point of origin to the desired final destination.
Logistics overall aim at meeting the requirements of customers or corporations therefore result objectives for lead time. Logistics manages both physical products, for example; materials, equipments and staff as well as other items conceptual in nature for instance information and energy (Hardemon 2011). When dealing with physical items, logistics seeks to focus on the integration of flow of information, handling of materials, production, inventory, packaging, transportation, security and finally warehousing. Ideally, logistics has over the years been described as the process of planning, formulation, implementing and controlling the flow of materials whether physical or intellectual from the origin point to the point of consumption.
The major reason behind logistics is efficiency and effectiveness. Efficiency implies that the principle of logistics in an organization has to reduce the utilization of resources in an organization. On the other hand, effectiveness ensures that logistics will conform to the other organizational policies accordingly spearhead the development of the business to other levels. In the organizational setting, logistics is one of the basic functions and its objectives leads to serious issues revolving around performance and value.
For instance, a few examples of targets of logistics in an organization would include; reliable fast delivery times, low levels of inventory and high utilization role in the organization. Changes have to take place in various sectors of society and logistics has not been left out. Logistics automation is on the rise the world over by organizations applying computer soft wares and other advanced models of resources to ensure that efficiency and effectiveness in the logistics training. Logistics is consequently a basic doctrine that can be implemented in various organizations that deal in multiple products.
As logistics advances, the advantages accruing to organizations that use it also increase. For instance, logistics tremendously enable international business that leads to more business (Bajec 2011). Logistics also lead to the reduction of financial regulation and fosters changes in the prevailing consumer behavior. It through logistics that retailers are now more powerful compared to earlier times. Logistics creates relationships within the organizations departments which revolve around economics, marketing and production. Logistics enhances decision making as it avails vital information to the top management of the organization.
In the recent organizational environment, logistics managers have various responsibilities in the company. For instance, it is the sole responsibility of the logistics head to be conversant with the current freight rates, inventory analysis, and production process, purchasing requirements, warehouse layout and the transportation laws governing the organization (Tine 2005).