Essays on Research Paper And Ethics Term Paper
Ethical issues in research paper: Sexual abuse in the Military Ethical issues in research paper: Sexual abuse in the Military Inbehavioral science research, particularly when investigating sexual assault in the military, ethical consideration is a necessity that researchers must adhere to (Carroll, 2010). Since sexual assault has a distinctively damaging effect on a society (the military for that matter), is harmful to morale, weaken unit cohesion, and show insolence for the command chain, researchers should observe the element of “respect for participants,” among other ethical issues, in their research. According to De & Tenbrunsel (2012), in studies anchored on interviews, observation, or questionnaires as is the case in investigating sexual assault, subjects ought to be aware of what the research is all about. The subject has a right to hold views, make choices, and take actions about and the implications of participating in the research as well as how long the study will take.
Ethical issues, in a research paper, are best incorporated in the recommendation section so that readers of the research work can adhere to them as necessary recommendation.
In line with various literature reviews, such as Denscombe (2012) and the research undertaken on sexual assault in military, ethical standard of research in behavioral sciences are categorized into three:
a) Respect for Persons or Autonomy: subjects in research ought to voluntarily, and based on their informed consent, agree to participate in the study (Lo, OConnell & National Research Council, 2006).
b) Justice: The researcher should treat all the participants equally and distribute benefits or burdens fairly
c) Non-maleficence: A researcher is obligated not to cause harm intentionally to his or her subjects (Loue & Pike, 2007). Respondents who participated as having committed sexual assault offense in their lifetime as an army officer should not be mistakenly viewed as having confessed and be subjected to prosecution.
d) Beneficence: all the research activities must be of beneficial to others; the entire armed forces.
Carroll, J. L. (2010). Sexuality now: Embracing diversity. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth CENGAGE
De, C. D., & Tenbrunsel, A. E. (2012). Behavioral business ethics: Shaping an emerging field.
New York: Routledge.
Denscombe, M. (2012). Research proposals: A practical guide. Maidenhead: Open University
Lo, B., OConnell, M. E., & National Research Council (U.S.). (2006). Ethical considerations for research on housing-related health hazards involving children. Washington, DC: National
Loue, S., & Pike, E. C. (2007). Case studies in ethics and HIV research. New York: Springer.