Post-Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD)Post-Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder caused by experiences with terrifying or susceptible events such as war, rape, natural disasters, car or plane crash, kidnapping, brutal attack, sexual or physical violence. The main symptoms of PTSD include; depression and helplessness have endurance guilty, seclusion, fury, hostile, anxiety reactions and invasive feelings. Even though PTSD does affect war veterans, it can have an effect on anyone. Approximately 70 percent of Americans are exposed to a distressing event in their lifetime and therefore many people are susceptible to this kind of a disorder (Brewin & Valentine 2000). PTSD is behaviors or behavioral patterns exhibited by an individual that are not in line with normal development.
Identification and comprehension of mental illness has changed in the course of time and across various cultures. Psychological disorders are perceived as disorders in the brain’s circuits caused by an individual’s genetics and experiences. Diagnoses of psychological disorders are made by psychiatrists or clinical psychologists based on various tests and most often by observation and questionnaires designed to give a result that will make a valid diagnosis (Brewin & Valentine 2000).
Psychological disorders are not caused by one single thing but mostly a combination of several factors. Early theories of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder were largely based on individuals who lived in place were environment is positive and was exposed to a series of events within a period of time, for example sexual assault, disaster and military service. So a series of traumatic events signified a dramatic disruption of pre trauma on the victim’s life. Studies have been carried out and this model does not fit well most PSTD victims, for example victims who have experienced ongoing trauma seem to be dramatically worse than those victims who have experienced discrete traumatic events in the context of otherwise normal development of the victim of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
Some researchers have suggested that a separate term be used on the level of person suffering from PTSD, thus, victims will be better described such as complex PTSD or extreme stress (Brewin & Valentine 2000). When some of these processes are not functioning normally people tend to develop serious mental disorders.
Some of the mental disorders can be treated using drugs and a person has to live with the drugs the rest of their lives otherwise the disorder will just come back. Other conditions however can be cured with therapy and medication. Psychological disorders are however very sensitive and anything in the environment can trigger the disorder back into action. This is why psychological patients are usually separated from the outside world. Secondary preventive measures that have been used in the past to reduce the likelihood of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among the victims who have been exposed to traumatic stress could be utilized, so that an early intervention models that target processes associated with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) risk.
Fighting PTSD calls for an early treatment because symptoms may be bad, hence dealing with them at premature stage helps to reduce the effects in future. By finding a professional therapist Recovery process of PTSD victims is necessary, not all the assaults victims will develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), if the trauma the victim undergoes after the incident is dealt with quickly, the severity of the victim’s reactions for the assault may be eased, and the risk of developing PTSD is reduced.
Therapy will help the victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) reopen channels of feeling that may have been repressed, thus they will be able to manage the impact of invasive (flashbacks) activities that the victim may have experienced in the past (Brewin & Valentine 2000).