The paper 'Management Pursuit of Efficiency and Effectiveness' is a perfect example of a Management Essay. This essay will explore the claim that asserts that management’ s pursuit of effectiveness and efficiency is at the expense of labor’ s welfare is not valid. The major premise to support this claim is that concepts and theories discussed in organizational behavior greatly demonstrate the concern and the input of management and theories towards employee welfare through training and development, promotion, reward, motivation, and development of a unique culture at the workplace. It will not be accurate to claim that the management forgoes the welfare of the workforce while it concentrates on effectiveness and proficiency.
These qualities cannot be achieved entirely without the support of a motivated, well-trained, handsomely compensated, and adequately equipped workforce. The discussion employs the argument authored by Bowey (2005), Phipps (2011), Schwartz (2007), Sikula, Olmosk, Kim and Cupps (2001), and Waddell, Jones and George (2011) to argue for and against the contribution of scientific management to organizational effectiveness and efficiency and its flaws with regard to employee welfare. Following the revelation, after the Hartshorne studies, scientific management has been ignored although it is still applicable in many reward systems Premium Bonus System’ has been presented as one of the applications of scientific management reward systems.
The development of human relations was discovered to be an important part of increasing productivity by ensuring employee satisfaction. The first part of the essay investigates the development of theory and practice as a result of the pursuit of effectiveness and efficiency. The second part looks at the criticism of scientific management despite its contributions to the development of theory and practice.
The conclusion echoes the main argument of this essay that management pursuit of effectiveness and efficiency has not negatively affected employee welfare. Contributions of scientific management to development of theory and practice Spiritual leadership involves attitudes, behaviors, and values that are important to internally motivate oneself and others in order to have the existence of spiritual survival through calling. It is vital to be a vision whereby members of the organization through a sense of calling, and besides, culture has to be founded on altruistic love whereby followers and leaders possess sincere concern, care, and appreciation for others and self, and therefore, resulting in a sense of membership.
Spirituality at the workplace also involves servant leadership that upholds that followers have to be served by their leaders. Servant leadership is a type of leadership that entails workplace spirituality since the basic principle of the approach is listening and understanding. Workers' needs, desires, issues, and values are put into consideration (Phipps, 2011, p. 271). Workplace spirituality has found surging focus in management since it has been established to impact productivity and occasions in a work environment that enriches the lives of employees. Organizations that are associated with spirituality possess employees who are confident and perceive their organizations are being profitable and they are more dedicated to work.
Spirituality entails philosophies of purpose, the opportunity for development and growth, and integration and connectedness, all of with put into consideration respect and positivity and concern for the human element following the scientific management inception and its focus on method and systematicity. (Phipps, 2011, p. 272). It is asserted that the divorce of spirituality from daily activities is a tragic dualism, and it is not good to ignore commerce and industry and look for the development of spirituality elsewhere.
Embracing spirituality has a great impact on management practice and theory.
Bowey, A 2005, ‘Motivation: the art of putting theory into practice’, European Business Forum, issue 20, Winter, pp 17-20.
Caldari, K 2007, ‘Alfred Marshall’s critical analysis of scientific management’, The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 14:1, March, pp 55-78.
Phipps, STA 2011, ‘Mary, Mary, quite contrary: In a male-dominated field, women contributed by bringing a touch of spirituality to early management theory and practice’, Journal of Management History, vol. 17, no. 3, pp 270-281.
Sikula Sr, A, Olmosk, K, Kim, CW & Cupps, S 2001, ‘A “New” Theory of Management’, Ethics & Behaviour, 11(1), pp 3-21.
Schwartz, M 2007, ‘The “business ethics” of management theory’, Journal of Management History, vol. 13, no. 1, pp 43-54.