Essays on Contemporary Human Resource Management Essay

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The paper 'Contemporary Human Resource Management' is a great example of a Management Essay. Recruitment of new workers is a common activity for many employers owing to the fact that vacant positions are left after employees are laid off, retire, transfer to other organizations, or quit. In some other instances, new employees are needed as a result of business expansion or restructure. Regardless of the kind of situation pushing for a need to recruit new employees, the fact remains that the position needs to be filled. Getting the right person for the job has proven to be a challenging task for many human resource managers.

The qualities of the employee will determine the overall output of an organization. Currently, human resource managers have adopted different strategies for recruitment and selection of personnel. With the advancement of technology, new recruitment techniques including the use of the internet have emerged. The type of strategy to be used in recruitment will be affected by the skills and competencies required in the position to be filled. The use of simulation tests is one of the selection and recruitment techniques that is normally used.

This essay will highlight what simulation tests are and will give a broad discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of using simulation tests as a recruitment technique. Discussions will be supported by various scholarly works. Recruitment is simply the "organization's efforts to key out, attract and influence the job choices of competent applicants" (Ployhart, 2011, p. 869). On the other hand, the selection is basically the process of identifying the most suitable individual whose qualities match the job specifications of an organization considering both the organization's external and internal environments (Swanepoel, 2008, P.

279; Rao, 2007, p. 204). The two terms have often been used together because they make up the entire staffing process. Recruitment and selection is a crucial activity for any organization and it is the function of human resource management. As stated earlier, recruitment and selection will affect the overall performance of an organization. Selection in itself is crucial for the future success of an organization and the common selection tools are; use of interviews, the use of written tests, and simulation tests (Deb, 2009, p.

60). Simulation tests are a testing tool where individuals are put to real-life situations with an aim of finding out if he or she can do actually perform a task as required (Kandula, 2003, p. 70; Pattanayak, 2005, p. 61). There are two commonly known simulation tests are work sampling and assessment centers. With work sampling, a replica of the task is created and the individuals demonstrate their capabilities by devising these work samples (Pattanayak, 2005, p. 61). Examples of work sampling simulation tests are the trade tests that have been created for electricians.

On the other hand, an "assessment center is a two to four-day simulation exercise in which a group of individuals normally about ten, perform an actual job task while being observed by experts" (Dessler, 2005, p. 225; Pattanayak, 2005, p. 61). The applicants engage in activities such as leaderless group discussions, in-basket activities, games, individual presentations, objective tests, and interviews (Pattanayak, 2005, p. 61; Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2013). Simulations tests do vary from other types of testing activities with regard to the advantages and disadvantages it has.

References

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