The paper "Elton Mayo's Social Psychology and Human Relations" is an outstanding example of an essay on management. It was not until 1926 that Mayo was introduced to sociological studies. Since then, he embarked on applying sociological to other management studies of the time. Thus, he became a pioneering researcher in the sociology of management in the infamous Hawthorne studies conducted between 1927 and 1932 which applied statistical methods in an effort to demonstrate the relevance of considering human factors in the workplace alongside physical factors, for instance, the environment and ergonomics (Gillespie, p.
45). In 1927 Elton mayo was in charge of several experiments about human behavior, on his experiment or the Hawthorne studies he found theory of human relation in productivity and motivation in work condition, which works is a group activity, the worker is a person whose attitudes and effective are depended at social demands from internal and external, also the worker needs for recognition, security, and sense of belonging is more important in determining workers morale and productivity than the physical conditions. In addition, this research and experiment didn't show a clear connection between productivity and influence output.
The Hawthorne effect is used to describe the increase in productivity associated with individuals feeling identify or special within the organization (Dingley, and Durkheim, p12). These studies were aimed at examining strategies of improving productivity by initiating various changes, for instance, lighting conditions. When these studies were completed, Mayo derived a number of hypotheses. These included the articulation that individual workers must be seen as members of a group but not treated in isolation; that group affiliation supersedes monetary incentives and favorable working conditions; that informal groups formed at the workplace strongly influence the behaviour of those workers in a group; and that the management must understand and tend to the social needs of employees, rather than working against them (Mayo, p.
326). Through these studies, Mayo demonstrated that productivity is dependent on motivation and morale. Another insight provided by these studies is the Hawthorne effect, which highlighted that the productivity of workers would tend to increase on discovering that they are being observed or studied (Gillespie, p.
72). This revelation was a major breakthrough in management. The Hawthorne effect describes the reward you get when you pay attention to people. It's mean the more act of showing people that you're concerned about them usually encourage them to make better job performance and when the people spend their time at work, they must have a sense of belonging to being a part of a team finally they become produce more than before.