Emotional Intelligence Task 1: Summary The title of the article under this summary is “The Science of Emotional Intelligence” authored by Peter Salovey and Daisy Grewal (Dacre & Sewell, 2007). The authors seek to provide an overview of research that has been undertaken in the topic of emotional intelligence. According to the authors, emotional intelligence is a great topic of interest in the field of psychology as it helps in organizing the studies regarding the potential differences that prevail between individuals in terms of abilities related to emotions.
Emotional intelligence is an important factor in the everyday life because it helps in the development of positive relationships and positive outcomes in life as well as achieving success in the place of work. Emotional intelligence is a combination of two branches namely intelligence and emotions fields. Emotions are perceived as important sources of information used by an individual to navigate and relate to the social environment that surrounds him/her. From the above observations presented in the article, emotional intelligence is defined as the individual’s ability to monitor the feelings of others as well as his/her own feelings and discriminating against the feelings as a way of guiding one’s action and thinking (Dacre & Sewell, 2007).
The definition above can be broken into four abilities namely managing emotions, perceiving emotions, understanding emotions and using emotions. These four abilities form the four-model of emotional intelligence. According to the authors, perceiving emotions is the ability to decipher emotions in the voice, pictures of facial expressions. Using emotions is the ability to apply emotions in problem solving and enhancing thinking (Dacre & Sewell, 2007). Understanding emotions refers to the ability to understand emotions as depicted in a language.
Managing emotions is the ability to regulate emotions in others as well as emotions regulating our own emotions. The four basic models of emotional intelligence mentioned above cannot be applied in a vacuum. Rather they operate within a social setting where an individual is aware of the appropriate behaviour required in the social setting. Emotional intelligence can be measured in different ways. The first measure of emotional intelligence is the use of self-report scales. This involves the rating of individuals according to various capabilities such as having good relationships, the ability to tolerate stress and display of patience (Cherniss, 2010).
The other method of measuring emotional proposed in the article is the Mayer-Salovey-Carusso Emotional Intelligence Test that comprise of a battery that can be completed using a computer or on a piece of paper for an average duration of 40 minutes (Cherniss, 2010). This method helps in measuring the emotional intelligence abilities of an individual as per the four models of emotional intelligence mentioned above.
Findings from previous measurements of emotional intelligence conducted using the MSCEIT criteria reveals that emotional intelligence is an important factor in all spheres of life from succeeding in ones career to the social skills held by an individual (Cherniss, 2010). It is also an important consideration in the development of social skills that enables an individual to interact positively with members of the opposite sex. Application of emotional intelligence facts affects the lives of family members, school children and workers.