The paper “ What Type of Powers Do Managers Exercise? ” is a thoughtful variant of the essay on management. Different scholars define the term ‘ power’ in different ways which depend mainly on the extent of personal understanding and experience. However, the term power simply refers to individual ability or capacity to exert influence on people’ s behavior or reasoning (Haslam, et al 2013, p. 36). According to this definition, the person who possesses power is able to determine the way people behave. The influence itself shapes people’ s reasoning capacity especially towards the opinion he or she provides concerning an issue.
Power is therefore an influence that makes a person a leader in one way or another (Ahlquist, & Levi 2011, p. 57). It is important to note that organizational leaders or managers use power to get things done. Without power, it might be hard for a manager to deliver organizational expectations. There are various types of power that different managers may apply to ensure smooth operation within an organization. These types are classified into two major categories namely formal power and personal power. Formal power is the one that the organization entrusts to an individual in order to deliver his or her mandate efficiently (Storey 2011, p. 65).
It is only used in the course of official duties and the manager directs such power towards achieving specific organizational goals or objectives. In respect of this, formal power is based on the position one holds in an organization (Tallberg 2010, p. 29). The moment one ceases to hold that office/position, he or she no longer has the same power. On the other hand, personal power is based on the individual and not the position.
It is a personal attribute that makes him or her influence the behavior of others in an organization. In this case, the power rests on the person thus making him influential regardless of his seniority level in an organization. The managers may have both formal and personal power. Formal powers include coercive, reward, and legitimate power. Coercive power refers to the kind of influence that managers have due to threats they issue to subordinates (Avolio, & Yammarino 2013, p. 112).
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