The paper 'Why It Was That Europe Colonized Asia and Africa in the Nineteenth Century ' is a wonderful example of a Macro and Microeconomics Assignment. Industrial revolution dominated European society during the nineteenth century but the latter half of the century saw imperialism taking over. Imperialism that began in in the 1870s, saw European states acquire vast empires mainly in Africa and also in Asia and the Middle East (Tamaqua, 2015). Europe experienced a second industrial revolution between 1870 and 1914 which hastened the rate at which change was occurring in science, technology, and industry.
This enhanced economic growth in Europe at a rate that was only exceptional to Europe. Steel production was improved and this had a tremendous change as it enhanced shipbuilding and transportation. During this time there was also the development and establishment of railways, internal combustion engines, and electrical power generation. The economy of Europe was booming hence the need for new avenues to expand. This expansion ideology was also accelerated by political desires that were linked to national greatness and social and religious motives that accelerated western society imposing their superiority on the so thought “ backward’ societies.
Thus, through military force, economic rewards, and annexation, European countries invaded Africa and Asia, Britain taking the lion’ s share (Tamaqua, 2015). This essay will explain why it was easy for Europe to colonize Africa and Asia and not the other way round. Why it was that Europe colonized Asia and Africa The compelling factors for Europe to take over Asia and Africa include, but not limited to the following; Economic reasons The second industrial revolution of the 1870s meant that Europe produced more than it can sell locally.
Hence the need to spread wings globally. Due to the industrial revolution, businessmen and bankers had more capital than needed investment, and investing it in the global arena could prove more profitable. There was also the need for cheap labor and a constant supply of raw materials like manganese for the steel industry, oil, and rubber. Hence there was a need for these industrialized European countries to take control of these unexplored avenues. In order for these European countries to have direct control of these unexplored areas it had to set base in these areas, Africa and Asia (Tamaqua, 2015; Eder and Roberts, 2010, p. 232).
The end of the slave trade in Europe in the nineteenth century left the gap for commerce between Europe, Africa, and Asia (Boddy-Evans, 2015). This prompted the invasion of Europe into Africa and parts of Asia. Many raw materials that were important to the manufacturing industries in Europe; manganese, tin, petroleum, gold, coal, silver to fiber were native to areas like Indonesia, Malaysia, West Africa, and North Africa as well as the parts of south and east Africa, the Europeans were compelled to take control of these lands that produced such materials to guarantee an uninterrupted supply of such materials.
Hence they had to set up colonies in Asia and Africa in order to maintain the stability that would protect their investments or so they thought (Eder and Roberts, 2010; p. 232). Way ahead in technology than the rest of the world European medicinal discoveries and technological advances contributed to Europeans penetrating deeply into Africa and Asia. Malaria was a deadly disease that was confined to Africa.
This threatened the Europeans into getting into Africa and even if they did, they wouldn’ t dare visit the interior regions. But with advances in medicine in Europe, there was the discovery of quinine. Two French scientists, Pierre-Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaime Caventou, in 1817 extracted quinine, a prophylactic drug for malaria, from the South American cinchona tree. This was a solution to the problem of malaria which impeded Europeans from traveling into Africa and parts of Asia. The Europeans could now comfortably invade these parts without any fear of malaria because they were equipped with quinine.
Thus the Europeans were now able to firmly root themselves in Africa and Asia (Saylor Foundation, 2011, p. 1; Boddy-Evans, 2015). Quinine made it possible for the Europeans to survive tropical diseases and travel into the mosquito-infested interiors of Africa and Asia (Tamaqua, 2015).
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