The paper "Exploring Approaches that Empower Community Members to Engage with Emergency Authorities" is an outstanding example of a management research proposal. The past few decades have been rife with several disaster situations, whether man-made, accidental, or intentional. A look at the most devastating and the most publicized disasters of the past few decades is profound in terms of disaster preparedness and response. Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, and the tropical storm Debby ravaged parts of New Jersey, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico (Brennan, Cantrell, Spranger, & Kumaran, 2014). The events of September eleventh were one of the most shocking disasters of the modern world.
These disasters are famous not only for the destruction they caused but also for what happened in terms of response in the near period after the occurrences. One constant after natural disasters is the number of expectations from the people of participation from all levels of government. Such major events increase pressure from locals on national, state, federal, or local governments and from non-governmental organizations (Sperry, 2013). The public expects, and rightly so, that the governments will actively participate in the disaster management and response coordination efforts. However, natural disasters are as unpredictable as they are devastating.
This often gets in the way of effective planning and response when it matters. The emergency response management community continues to face increasingly complex circumstances and situations that get in the way of the operating environment. The complexity of disaster management takes the form of an increased number of incidents. This can be attributed in part to the effects of global climate changes (Accuweather, 2013). The threats are becoming more and more unfamiliar and require more information to analyze and make informed decisions about, often with very little time.
There are new players involved every time, and the technology is becoming more complex. The combination of these factors has created a different landscape in risk management when it comes to natural disasters.
Accuweather. (2013, November 15). Steady Increase in Climate Related Natural Disasters. Retrieved from Climate Change: http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-blogs/climatechange/steady-increase-in-climate-rel/19974069
Brennan, M., Cantrell, R., Spranger, M., & Kumaran, M. (2014, January). Effective Community Response to Disaster: A Community Approach to Disaster Preparedness and Response. Retrieved from IFAS: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FY/FY84000.pdf
Chola, L., & Alaba, O. (2013). Association of neighbourhood and individual social capital, neighbourhood economic deprivation and self-rated health in South Africa–a multi-level analysis. PLoS ONE.
Guha-Sapir, D., Santos, I., & Borde, A. (2013 ). The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters. New York: Oxford University Press.
Joaquin, T. (2014). Disaster Risk Management-Europe and Central Asia Region. Conference / meeting document. World Bank.
Li-Vollmer, M. (2013). Engaging the Public in Critical Disaster Planning and Decision Making: Workshop Summary. In B. M. Altevogt, S. Cooper, K. M. Gebbie, D. Kreisburg, & S. A. Messe, Engaging the Public in Critical Disaster Planning and Decision Making: Workshop Summary (pp. 26- 29). Washington D.C: The National Academies Press.
National Development Plan. (2010). National Development Plan. Kampala: The Republic of Uganda.
Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., & Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities and Strategy for Disaster Readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 127- 150.
Otsi, R., & Miyake, K. (2013). Forms of Community Participation in Disaster Risk Management Practices, natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation. Tsukuba: Nova Press.
Palen, L., Hiltz, S. R., & Liu , S. B. (2007). Online Forums Supporting Grassrots Participation in Emergency Preaparedness and Response. Communications of the ACM, 54- 58.
Rajeev, M. M. (2014). Sustainability and Community Empowerment in Disaster Management. International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice, 207-212.
Saldaña-Zorrilla, S. O. (2015). Natural Disasters, Foeign Trade and Agriculture in Mexico: Public Policy for Reducing Economic Vulnerability. New York: Springer.
Sperry, P. (2013). Community Participation in Disaster Planning and the Expectation Gap: Analysis and Recommendations. Virginia : Virginia Commonwealth University.
UNCST. (2014). National Guidelines for Research Involving Humans as Research Participants. Kampala: Uganda National Council for Science and Technology.
UNDP. (2013, February 19). Disaster management to be key component of Global Development agenda post-2015. Retrieved from UNDP: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2013/02/19/disaster-management-to-be-key-component-of-global-development-agenda-post-2015.html
Wilson, S., Temple, B., Milliron, M., Vazquez, C., Packard, M., & Rudy, B. (2007). The Lack of Disaster Preparedness by the Public and it's Affect on Communities. The Internet Journal of Rescue and Disaster Medicine.
Witvorapong, N., Muttarak, R., & Pothisiri, W. (2015). Social Participation and Disaster Risk Reduction Behaviors in Tsunami Prone Areas. Plos Plos One.
Zwitter, A., Lamont, C. K., Heintze, H.-J., & Herman, J. (2015). Humanitarian Action: Global, Regional and Domestic Legal Responses. London: Cambridge University Press.