Generally speaking, the paper "Relationship between Organizational Functional Silos and IS Functional Silos" is a great example of an information technology assignment. By definition, functional silo refers to an individual business function that behaves in a manner as though it is a stand-alone function. This indicates that the individual business function often formulates its own strategies and work plans in a very independent way from other business functions. In a broader perspective, the wider use of functional silos is when describing an organization whose functions are most likely less communicative and collaborative.
Although it may have its advantages, organizations with functional silos may face a hard time and even find it more challenging to create a strong and competitive product. This is primarily because such organizations may fail to recognize the advantages and simplicity of cross-functional teaming in an organization. The evolution of information silos started from the time when companies were still small and companies began to realize the use of information sharing as a tool for success in competing partners. This led to inefficiency in management and inaccuracies in errors as companies and organizations tried to create bottlenecks among themselves.
This, therefore, created a room introduction of a platform where organizations would come up with a system to reduce poor decision-making problems and come up with systems where they would work together through integrated systems. Thus, the birth of progressive silo systems of processing data came in place. Review Question 2: Relationship between organizational functional silos and IS functional silos Organizational functional silos are instrumental when used within business process re-engineering (BPR) to indicate critical areas of the organization that have managers occupying a privileged position that come in the form of resources and influence.
Organizational functional silos then identify within the organization where managers use such privileges for their own, self-interested, and sometimes functionally oriented motives rather than utilizing such resources and privileges for the wider benefit of the business. BPR strongly recommends that organizations adopt a process-based approach to replace the function-based approach within their systems. This signal the destruction of functional silos while at the same time encouraging the use of cross-functional integration systems. On the other hand, IS silos in organizations are systems of integration that depend heavily on the use and application of innovations and inventions that foster an organization’ s requirements such as centralization, decentralization, and distribution.
This implies that an organization having an integrated system will allow it to give its functional departments get information wanted while at the same time maintaining the company’ s broad and wide operational system. This is less effective than organizational functional silo as information within functional departments is a top priority in the case of IS Silo. Therefore, it is possible that information management can transform an organization. Review Question 3: Centralized IT architecture refers to system processing performed in one computer in an organization or in a cluster of several computers located in a single location.
The processing of data takes place in one central computer then connected to other terminals within the organization via data cables. On the other hand, decentralized IT architecture is the allocation of resources that include hardware and software, to each individual department in an organization. Finally, a distributed IT system consists of multiple computers within the organization that communicate through a well-designed computer network.
The interaction between these connected and distributed computers is for the achievement of a common goal.
Luvai, F. & Thompson, J. (2011). Enterprise Systems for Management (2ndedn).
London: Pearson Publishing