The paper "History of Illegal Immigration in Australia" is a perfect example of a macro and microeconomic case study. In 1901, 98% of the residents in Australia were of British Origin. At that time, the country wanted to remain a country which was dominated by the White people who were loyal to British customs. The country’ s trade unions were keen on preventing any form of competition from the Chinese and other immigrants. The reason is that they feared that their entry into the country could play a significant role in cutting wages.
In an attempt to prevent such occurrence, the country passed legislation in the newly formed Federal Parliament. The legislation was initially known as the Immigration Restriction Act but it is currently known as the White Australia Policy. In addition, they passed the Pacific Islanders Labourers Act and the Post and Telegraph Act in 1901 (Day, & Day, 2009). This made it hard for people from other countries to migrate to Australia. The Act stated that anyone who wanted to migrate into the country must undergo a dictation test.
This is a test that could be of any European language. Therefore, a person intending to migrate to Australia must be tested for fluency in French, Italian, or English. This made it hard for people from China and other Asian countries to migrate into Australia. However, in 1905, changes were introduced in order for the test to be given in any language. However, despite the changes, most Asian failed the test and was unable to enter the country. Nevertheless, those who had sponsors were lucky enough to get well-connected sponsors.
This act was significant in the drafting of the first Australian constitution. In 1914, the migration of people into Australia almost stopped after the outbreak of the First World War. Migrants that emanated from countries that were initially thought to be friendly were reclassified as aliens. Those who were already in the country and were born in Germany and those who supported its operations in the war were given new restrictions. Their daily lives were interrupted and some of them were put into camps. The Immigration Act of 1901 was extended in order to ban these people for more than five years.
However, those who emanated from Turkey were banned until 1930. This move reduced the number of immigrants into the country.
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