Section 1:What is Organizational Behavior? Organization structure is referred to as the field of study which examines the impacts imposed by behavior of group dynamics, individuals and structure within the organization settings with the aim of improving the organization effectiveness by applying such skills and knowledge. Organization structure consists of three major determinants factors namely, Individuals, Groups, andStructureThe knowledge gained out of effects of structure on behavior, individuals and groups are applied on Organizational Behavior for its efficiency workforce. The importance of Organizational Behavior is reflected whenever people of varied cultural values and backgrounds efficiently and effectively work together.
The developments of the competencies in forecasting the peoples’ likely behaviours are achieved by seeking the emphasis of organization behaviors’ understanding. This knowledge may eventually be useful in controlling the behaviours which are of no use to the organization. Sustainability and objectivity are some of the vital factors while this purpose is selected. Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys and Simulations are normally used to gather and get the individual responses from different organizations (Ashraf, 2010). Section 2:Power & PoliticsPower: -The potential or capacity of an individual, a team or even an organization to influence others is normally referred to as power.
Reward, legitimate, expert, referent and coercive are some of the sources of power. The probability of one actor within a social relationship capable of carrying out his own will despite the resistance is also defined as power, though power resistance varies between two or more available power of centers in an organization. One of the characteristics of power is that an individual(s) is capable of changing the behavior of other people especially when this particular behavior would not have occurred.
The concept of power has no implication of rights. Authority is related concept and it normally represents the right to secure or expect conformity and it is also supported by legality (Ashraf, 2010) Power classifications: Normative power: this is the situation where an organization has the absolute rite to govern the behavior of its members. We draw an example of such power from religious leaders. Coercive power: this is the practice of forcing an individual (s) to comply or conform to ones’ own desires.
We draw such kind of exercise of power from a prisons’ organizational set-up. Utilitarian Power: it is a kind of power based on punishments and rewards. This kind of power is commonly practiced in businesses, which uses promotions, threats of dismissal and pay rises. Politics: -The use of discretionary behaviours in attempt to promote personal objectives to influence others is referred to as organizational politics. The non-rational influence on decision making process is also referred as political behavior. Politics can as well be used as a means of reconciling competition and ultimately recognizing organizations interests.
The relationships in the present organizational relationships can be understood by the political metaphors. Politics and politicking can be a critical part of an organizations life if power relations are permitted to exist in organizations. Interests in competitions can be resolved by applying the manager’s decision which is also sometimes viewed as the rule of totalitarian. Politics may also be applied as a vehicle of creating a democratic or non coercive work environment. Mechanisms of reconciling conflicts in organizations such as governments should be put in place to help create and maintain order among the members of the organization.
These organizations systems rules do range from democratic to autocratic at the extremes of between technocratic and bureaucratic systems. Each of these systems does represent orientation of politics in regard to the distribution and application of power in the entire organization (Stephen, 2006)