COMMUNITY FIRE SAFETY LAWUK Law and the Fire ServiceIn the UK, the relevant fire safety legislation includes the Fire Rescue Services Act 2004, The General Product Safety Regulations 1994, The Housing Regulations in 1990, Fire Precautions Act 1971 (S. 10), the Housing Acts 1980 and 1985, the Consumer Protection Act 1987, and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. Some of these Acts and Regulations apply only to landlords and or commercial landlords who let property as part of a business. Current legislation does, however, provide various powers to local authorities, trading standards officers, environmental health officers, the fire service, and/ or other agencies, to inspect properties reported or suspected to be unsafe.
All landlords should examine their property and the appliances and furnishings therein to ensure they meet the required standards (Booth 2003. p. 42) Under the Fire Rescue Services Act 2004, the government has a duty to produce and maintain a national framework document which sets out the government’s plan for what is required from fire and rescue authorities. The government’s vision for the UK Fire and Rescue Service is that is should be proactive in preventing fires and other risks in the commercial and domestic sectors.
Fire and rescue authorities are also engaged in support of the government’s wide agenda of social inclusion, neighbourhood renewal and crime reduction. Moreover, they are required to produce and publish local standards of service based on an integrated risk management plan or IRMP that describe how the Fire and Rescue Service will create a safer community (British Retail Consortium 2006, p. 58). The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 requires building owners and responsible persons to carry out a fire risk assessments and implement appropriate fire precaution measures.
The UK laws emphasis on preventing fires & reducing risks is being adopted internationally, in fact, Abu Dhabi’s fire and safety approach is changing and modernizing based on international fire and rescue services regulations. In addition fire legislation in this country will be embedded within the public sector, safety, and infrastructure The role of globalization in affecting the legislative and substantive work of those in the fire and rescue service. Globalisation as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole (Hardill, Graham, & Kofman, 2001, p. 15).
One of the most interesting impact of globalization in the fire and rescue service in Abu Dhabi for instance, is the fact they prefer to use different standards from different countries including the internationally accepted NFPA standards. More importantly, it is quite surprising to know that engineers in this region preferred to use the British or U. K Standards, and some UK legislative guidelines like the Regulatory Reform (Fires Safety) Order 2005 and the Fire & Rescue Services Act 2004.
Moreover, there may be some dissimilarity in terms and ranks, the setting of Fire & Rescue Services are almost the same. Globalization influences the legislative and substantive work of those in the fire and rescue service in terms of adoption of standards and guidelines. Moreover, since globalization also means migration, the work of the Fire and Rescue Services will almost double and diversity will be experienced.