Logistic ManagementAbstractHumanitarian logistics is a process that involves planning, implementation and control of efficient, cost effective movement and keeping of goods and materials in addition to information related to point of origin of goods and the point of consumption where the beneficiaries are. The purpose entails a variety of activities such as procurement, warehousing, packaging, transport and tracing. Humanitarian organizations seek to create a balance between speed and costs incurred in their supply chain. IntroductionDisasters occur more frequently globally, they are more complex and the support of the donors has become more unpredictable.
As a result to such a scenario, the humanitarian agencies seek solutions that are more effective and efficient. This report therefore looks into the best methods that can be employed to overcome challenges faced in humanitarian aid response. When disasters strike, they test how best our systems are, specifically how different actors will work together in response to the aid needed. There is always a need for all the actors to coordinate their actions so as to curb the effects of the fallen disaster. However, these actors can never deliver all the plans effectively for a given period of time in relieving human pain.
Humanitarian Logistics CharacteristicsMaking this different actors to come together so as to deliver the required services seems to be hard therefore a plan that goes beyond mere transportation of goods from one point to another is vital so as to overcome the challenges involved in delivering aid in the stricken region. It is therefore essential to include a supply chain management which will ensure that coordination is well attained and redundancies are minimized while speed and costs are made effective.
(Thomas, 2004) says that a well planned management chain will also help to provide an analysis for post event learning. In delivering humanitarian aid to a disaster stricken region, it is always effective to minimize costs and increase speed of delivering the aid to the beneficiaries that will reduce wastage of the aid; this will ensure that the right goods are delivered at the right place at the right time. This makes aid rich the ones that need it the most at the right time. There is variations in the intensity levels of disasters in different that strike in different places, hence each of the disasters require different response.
However, irrespective of their nature, they present different stages such as ramp- down, rump- up and sustain. The first few days since the onset of the disaster is the rump up. During this period, the highest priority is to getting to the disaster field and getting the operations set up as fast as possible. During the sustain stage, programs are supposed to be implemented while efficiencies and cost are looked into to ensure that they are effective.
In the ramp- down humanitarian agencies concentrate mobilization of operations and materials to be transferred to local actors. Considering the shift from one stage to another, the transition considers mostly a shift from speed to reduction in cost. Driven by the fact that there is high level of uncertainty and there is varying need for urgency, during the rump up all focus goes to speed and urgency without considering cost effectiveness.