The paper 'Patterns of Aggressive Behavior in Experimentally Created Social Climates' is a good example of a Management Research Paper. This report deals with the Buckingham Fire and Rescue Service, 2008 organization that plays a vital role in the fire services rendered in the U. K. It also deals with the influences which affect the internal environment of the organization such as the role of the manager in heading the organization towards the accomplishment of its goals and objectives. The incorporation of different leadership styles in the working of the firm. The success of the firm is also linked with the national and international changes which have constantly been adopted in the working environment of the firm. INTRODUCTION Buckingham Fire and rescue service, 2008 deals with fighting fires of the current times, especially combating the chemical spills, road accidents, releasing trapped animals, and confronting the changing environmental and political threats of terrorism, transport accidents, and fatal natural disasters.
The success of any organization deals with the challenging role played by the managers in implementing the vision and the philosophy of the firm in practical terms as in the case of Buckingham fire services.
A generalization of such roles would help us to judge the parameters of success. ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES The Classical Management theory is one that focuses on the role of the management to allocate and organizes work in accordance with the skills and knowledge of the employees. It created a link between the systematic approach and the production level, however human needs and requirements, and condition of work was not given due consideration. The inflexibility and rigidness of the classical theory gave birth to the more supple and effective human relation theory.
The human relation approach is just adversative to the theory of classical management. The classical approach related to the significance of the rationality of the structure of work, the hierarchy whereas the human approach emphasized more on individual emotional and social needs incorporating the principles of decentralization where an individual gets enough independence and is made a part of the decision making the process of the firm. Globalization, diversification, technological advancements, the share of power were the major reasons to move from classical to human approach along with the motive of encouragement of self-motivated employees who are imparted appropriate challenging and complex jobs for their satisfaction and performance enhancement. Human approach (Human/Labor Relation, modified on 30th May 2008) is one who views the organization as a supportive and collaborative enterprise where the employee is considered to be the most precious asset and boosting of his morale the cause of high productivity of the firm.
The utmost goal of this theory is to develop a skilled and competent employee rather than focusing on the qualifications and authoritarian control.
For this a ‘ System Approach’ (Schoonover, 2004) to leadership could be applied which caters to the situational demand of the leaders to support the changing internal environmental situations among the four different dimensions of the whole organization, operation, group and individual to define the focus, allocating the resources, guiding others to follow a uniform set of practices and motivating others towards excellence. Contingency approach is one such process to apply the functions of management, planning, organizing, controlling and directing, etc as per the situation of circumstances as an when they occur, a dynamic and flexible approach towards organization and people has to be applied because of the unpredictability and complexity of the internal contingencies (INFORMANIA, 2007).
Here, leadership and organizational styles waiver with the internal and external limitations of the organization.
ACCEL team, Human Relation Contributors, Douglas Mc Gregor, Theory X and Theory Y, viewed on 30th May, 2008, http://www.accel-team.com/human_relations/hrels_03_mcgregor.html
Buckingham Fire and Rescue Services, Reduced operational costs and improved connectivity through Fire Pass, viewed on 30th May,2008 http://www.hytec.co.uk/customers_case_bucksfire.html
Change management, 2008, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, modified on 29th May, 2008, viewed on 30th May, 2008, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, US, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Change_management_(people)
INFORMANIA, Mar 20, 2007, Contingency Approach to Management, viewed on 30th May, 2008, http://www.bizcovering.com/Business-and-Society/Contingency-Approach-to-Management.27102
Fire service in the United Kingdom, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, modified on 21st May, 2008, viewed on 30th May, 2008, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, US,
Human/Labor Relations.ppt, modified on 30Th May, 2008, flightline.highline.edu/jward/BUS160-Human%20Relations/PPTwk1.160.f04.ppt
http://flightline.highline.edu/jward/BUS160-Human%20Relations/259,3,Why have the approaches to Human Relations been changing?
Lewin, K., Liippit, R., & White, R. (1939). Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates. Journal of Social Psychology, 271-301
Schoonover.C.S, June 2004, Behaviour Matters, A system approach to Leadership, viewed on 30th May, 2008 http://www.schoonover.com/pdf/A_Systems_Approach_to_Leadership.doc
What is communication? University of Wolverhampton, viewed on 30th May, 2008, http://www.wlv.ac.uk/Default.aspx?page=14439