Essays on Evolution of Management Report

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The paper "Evolution of Management" is a wonderful example of a report on management. Management usually relates to the art of increasing productivity through nurturing people’ s talents while also giving them opportunities for advancement and self-enrichment (Shepherd etal, 2010). Many theories on management show how management has been evolving. Since way back, management can be divided into different theories. The first theory that began in the 1880s was the scientific management theory. This was developed by people like Fredrick Taylor, Henry Gant, and Lillian Gilbreth who recommended that efficiency is usually achieved through techniques like work design, standardization, motion or time studies, and specialization (Shepherd etal, 2010).

There are various parts of scientific management that are still in operation today. For instance, they recommended that efficiency is achieved when a single person performs the same task throughout the day. For instance, instead of the same person carrying out procurement activities, finance activities, or recruitment; a single person should perform one task while others are given the other tasks. Another theory of management was bureaucratic and administrative management. This began in the 1910s.

Henry Fayol is the most recognized theorists in contribution to this theory. He defined management roles as commanding, coordinating, controlling, organizing, and planning. Maxx Weber was another contributor in this theory by suggesting that bureaucracies were characterized by a unit of command, a system of supervision, use of written documents, training, application of rules, and personnel hiring based on experience and competence (Shepherd etal, 2010). The third management theory was Human relations management that began in the 1920s (Bratton etal 2003). It introduced the notions of social interactions in the workplace (Shepherd etal, 2010). The act of managing people has gone a long way where it has passed various trends and turned different directions (Theis, 2010).

The evolution of managing people has gone through five main stages of development. The first stage was record-keeping and file management on the employee analysis and progress chart. After this stage, the stage of compliance followed where companies must follow specific legislation structure in order to meet the legal provisions.


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