The paper "Muslim Women Controversy in Europe" is a perfect example of a gender and sexual studies coursework. The complex relationship among Islam as well as women is actually defined by both Islamic texts and the culture and history of the Muslim world. The Islamic law known as Sharia provides for differences between the roles of women and men, obligations and rights. The greatest number of Muslim countries gives women a varying degree of rights with regards to marriage, divorce, civil rights, dress code, and legal status together with education.
Even in a situation where all these differences are acknowledged, scholars together with other commentators differ as to whether they are just and whether they are a right interpretation of religious imperatives. Conservatives argue that differences among women and men are due to different status as well as the responsibilities. However Muslim feminists, liberal Muslims and others argue in favor of more progressive interpretations. Islamic dressing, particularly the big range of headdresses that are normally worn by the Muslim women has really become a famous sign of the presence of Islam within Western Europe.
It is said that in so many countries this particular adherence to hijab has actually led to the political controversies as well as the proposals for a legal ban (Yvonne, 49). However, the government of the Netherlands has decided to introduce a ban on the clothes that are covering the face which is recognized as Burga ban even if it does not only apply to the Afghan model Burga. In this same connection, several other countries are debating on the same legislation and they as well have more inadequate prohibitions.
A good number of them apply only to face-covering clothing, for example, the burga, boushiva, chador, or nigab. However, some apply to any type of dressing with an Islamic religious symbolism such as the khimar. Khimar is a kind of headscarf. This matter has dissimilar names in very different countries and the veil or hijab might be used as a general term for any debate that is representing more than just the veil itself. Despite the fact that the Balkans, as well as Eastern Europe, have indigenous Muslim populations, so many Muslims within Western Europe are members of immigrant communities.
The idea of Islamic dressing is actually connected with the issues of immigration as well as the position of Islam in Western society. The main reasons that are given concerning prohibition really differ. Legal bans on the clothing that cover the face are often reasonable on safety grounds as one of the anti-terrorism measure. However, the communal controversy is very wide and it sometimes is indicative of polarization among Muslims as well as the European societies (Lynn 186). As far as other critics are concerned, Islamic dress is an issue of value conflicts as well as the Clash of Civilizations.
Among these prominent critics is Avaan Hirsi Ali who sees Islam as incompatible with Western values in its very current form. They normally advocate the values of enlightenment liberalism together with the secularism as well as equality of women. As far as they are concerned, the chador or burqa are all a symbol of spiritual obscurantism as well as the domination of women. Western enlightenment values, in their own view, they need prohibition not considering whether a woman has freely selected Islamic dress.
A very tremendous connected view is that the freely chosen Islamic dress is an announcement of allegiance to radical Islamism and the wearers are actually not friends of western society, if not terrorists.
Haideh, M. (2005). Women and Islam: Critical Concepts in Sociology. Canada: Taylor & Francis Publishers.
Lynn, A. ( 2004). Mapping of Women, Making Politics: Feminist Perspectives on Political Geography. New York: Routledge Publishers.
William, A. (2007). Is There Still a West: The Future of the Atlantic Alliance. New York: University of Missouri Press
Suad, J. (2003). Encyclopedia of women & Islamic cultures. New York: BRILL Publishers.
Yvonne, Y. (2000). Muslims on the Americanization Path. Michigan: Oxford University Press.