Essays on Public Sector Reform in Saudi Arabia Case Study

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The paper "Public Sector Reform in Saudi Arabia" is a perfect example of a macro & microeconomics case study. The effectiveness and efficiency of Saudi Arabia’ s public sector are vital to the success of the country’ s development activities. Over the last 50 years or so, progress in key areas in countries such as Saudi Arabia has been hampered by the tension between leftist and rightist solutions. This is so because Leftist solutions are emphasizing on equality at the price of uniformity, while rightists on the other hand are dwelling on diversity at the expense of inequality.

Today we are in a society whereby economies that wish to become more competitive have to provide its citizens with high-quality services while at the same time embracing flexibility in order to allow for a high degree of personalization and choice (Michael, 2007). It is this combination of equity, diversity, and need for quality that has transpired as a challenge for public sector development in Saudi Arabia. As the country’ s citizens become wealthier, they can be able to independently provide for their health, education and security. When public services of are low quality, the country’ s citizens are always unwilling to pay taxes, and if this happens, it is very difficult for a country to maintain its necessary tax rate, whereby once the tax base crumbles, public services are more likely than not to spiral downwards as just some kind of a safety net for the poor. It is due to this background that Saudi Arabia’ s King Abdullah decided to embark on a series of reforms that will enhance the image of the country’ s public sector. Key Reforms in Saudi Arabia Key areas that are grossly affected by the reforms include; the state administration, economy, education, law, religion, and the electoral system.

King Abdullah believes these are the main areas that need to be specifically dwelled on so that the country may regain its heritage across the globe. These reforms have already started working in some key areas whereby they have managed to loosen some arcane structures in which arch-conservative clerics have even been ousted from top posts and forbidden from proclaiming obscurantist fatwas. For instance, the police have been forced to curb their enthusiasm, women are today accorded more freedom whereby they are now allowed to drive cars.  

References

Shahid Jamal Ansari (1998). Political Modernization in the Gulf. Northern Book Center.

Tim Niblock (2006). Saudi Arabia: Power, Legitimacy, and Survival, Contemporary Middle East, Rutledge.

Philips Shukry Khoury, Joseph Kostiner, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University (1990). Tribes and State Formation in the Middle East. University of California Press.

Michael Barber (2007). Three paradigms of Public Sector Reforms, retrieved 9th May 2011 from http://ww1.mckinsey.com/clientservice/publicsector/pdf/TG_three_paradigms.pdf

Steffen Hertog (2010). Princess, Brokers, and bureaucrats: oil and the state in Saudi Arabia. Cornell University Press.

Paul Holds worth (2011). Expats in Saudi Arabia Employed in Public Sector Could be replaced by Saudi. Gulf jobs market, retrieved 9th May 2011 from http://news.gulfjobsmarket.com/expats-in-saudi-arabia-employed-in-public-sector-could-be-replaced-by-saudis-7862336-news

AME (2011). Saudi Economic Reform to Accelerate in 2008, retrieved 9th May 2011 from http://www.ameinfo.com/144599.html

Mohamed A. Ramady (2010). The Saudi Arabian Economy: Policies, Achievements, and Challenges, 2nd Edition, Springer Publishers.

Anthony Shoult (2006). Doing business with Saudi Arabia, 3rd Edition, GMB Publishing LTD.

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