Introduction In this report, fire safety laws of UK are assessed and it is studied that how the law operates internationally as it applies to the fire service. At the same time role of globalisation is analysed in affecting the legislative and substantive work of those in the fire & rescue service. Ethical considerations in the fire safety issues are identified and seen how they are dealt with in the fire & rescue service. At the end of the report summarise the role of the practitioner in a changing world environment is summarised.
The component parts of this report include comparison of UAE law in relation to UK law, communication of community & fire safety policy in both Abu Dhabi and UK. http: //www. communities. gov. uk/fire elaborate that the fire safety regulations in UK are presented through a strict compliance with regulatory reforms (fire safety) order 2005. This fire safety order is promulgated in England and Wales alike. While in Scotland general fire and safety is delivered through strict compliance with part three of the fire act of 2005 and fire safety regulations of 2006 as implemented in Scotland.
The municipalities and local governments have responsibility for general fire safety in all the domestic premises, as a policy matter that includes all non-domestic buildings and common housing units and blocks and flats, including houses which are occupied by multiple residents. There is a risk based approach while dealing with fire safety issues and operations in these buildings. These issues in the UK fire safety operations include the Fire Safety in the Community, Fire Safety in Industrial Premises and Fire Safety in Business Premises, whereas the legislation requires a responsible person to carry out a fire risk assessment, Implement appropriate fire precautions and protection measures and to maintain a fire management plan.
http: //www. warringtonfire. net gives the details these responsible persons are usually the owner of the business, the occupier of the premises or a competent person appointed by either of the above. The requirements of the UK’s fore safety order include the Emphasis on preventing fires & reducing risk and the responsibility to ensure the safety of everyone who uses your premises and anyone in the immediate vicinity that in turn requires including the general public and the local community, including housing, shops & others.
The Principle Enforcers are Fire & Rescue Authorities. They have a statutory duty to enforce the requirements of the legislation. The enforcement procedure requires the Fire & Rescue Safety order is enforced by periodic inspections, visits and audits, by the enforcing authority, The Fire & Rescue Service. A. P. Mouritz and A. G. Gibson, 2006 mentioned that while the community service caters for The Fire & Rescue Service will also be active within the Community helping and advising the general public on fire safety issues.
http: //www. hse. gov. uk/fireandexplosion/workplace. htm elaborate that smoke alarms are freely available and will be fitted free of Charge by the Fire Service, DVD’s and other materials are also available as educational material and Free home safety checks. This is pertinent to mention that t The Principle Enforcers for Fire & Rescue Authorities are The Health & Safety Executive (HSE), and The HSE no longer have responsibility for premises under the issuance of The Fire Certificate (Special Premises) Regulations 1976, in revocation of October 2006, The HSE still have responsibilities under the Health & Safety at Work Act, for working environments and work procedures where there is a risk of fire.
This is further to elaborate that The Fire & Rescue Services Act 2004 imposes 4 key responsibilities on the Fire & Rescue Service including Community & Fire Safety, Fighting Fires, dealing with Road Traffic accidents and responding to other emergencies such as flooding, natural & man-made disasters. In order to satisfy the requirements of Fire safety order, every Company or business must have an Emergency & Disaster Plan, Implemented under The Control of Major Accident Hazard Regulations.
The requirements of An Emergency & Disaster Plan include way of reducing the impact on the community & others who may be affected by your acts or omissions.