Introduction Industrialisation is widely recognised not only as one of the important means to usher in socio-economic transformations and achieving industrial self sufficiency but also for the accelerated development of agriculture, transport, trade services and other sectors. In other words, it is a process which accelerates economic growth. Former Prime Minister of the U. K Mr. Tony Blair emphasised that 'Real progress must ultimately depend on industrialisation. ObjectivesI am working in overseas fair and rescues services and I have been asked by the manager the role of fair services in my chosen country.
I have a senior position within the organization and have been asked by my manager to investigate the following influences which affect the internal environment of the organization. I have been asked by my manager to compile a 20 minute presentation on the following: 1. Analyse manager roles and responsibilities in general. 2. Assess leadership theories and leadership styles in practice and in comparison with other emergency services. 3. Summarise historical background on the fire and rescue service in the UK. 4. Compare and contrast national changes in the fire and rescues services. The History of Fire Services Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Amsterdam was the person who appointed four fire wardens in 1648.
There starts the very beginning of fire services. Then the history of organized fire fighting in America began. In a stroke of political savvy, he named two Englishmen and two Dutchmen to the posts. They were the original fire wardens - Martin Krieger, Adrian Geyser, Thomas Hall and George Woolsey - were able and honest citizens and politically correct public servants of their time as they serve sincerely. These four wardens were empowered to visit every house between the Fort and the Fresh Water.
The fire wardens were very keen and to inspect all chimneys and see that they were swept clean. They could levy a fine of three gilders if they found a chimney dirty or clogged. The fines were to be used to purchase and maintain fire ladders, hooks and buckets. They used the money to develop the system of fire service department. if a house caught fire due to negligence or from the homeowner's own fire in the fireplace, the wardens could also fine up to 25 gilders.
New Amsterdam incorporated in 1657, streets were given names and four new wardens were appointed plus the 1648 rules were again ordered to be followed. Fire prevention was the same mission as the first group. Later in 1657, a tax was collected to procure buckets since the Burghers realized the city needed leather fire buckets. The buckets were not received until January 1659 due to the speed of government. (FEMA-OES (1994), Office of Emergency Services, October 25 - November 10, 1993, Office of Emergency Services, Sacramento, California.
)There come the city fathers who provided 250 buckets, hooks and small ladders to this fire company. The rattles moved for the bells and by 1697 four men known as the Night Watch. They were walking the streets with their bells at the ready and they rang their bells and announced the time and weather every hour explicitly. In 1700 the addition of City Hall at the head of Broad Street gave the city a new focal point. The ship Beaver arrived from England carrying two new sham hand fire engines in 1731.
In fact, this was the real foundation led to the formation of what would become the New York City Fire Department. (National Fire Protection Association, NFPA, (1992), Quincy, MA)