IntroductionNon-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have in recent times gained popularity in development circles due to their role in enhancing and implementing locally based development initiatives. This is amid diverse and continuous debate regarding their role and rapid spread both in developed and developing countries. They have been around since 1945 when the United Nations was first created. They gained fame as some were selected to act as observers in the United Nations Summits and Assemblies (Bell & Coicand, 2007). In addition, these non- government organizations also go by a number of many other acronyms such as non-state organizations, voluntary organizations (VO), non- profit organizations (NPO). United Nations is an inter government organization and hence facilitated the formation of other non- government organizations.
Such NGOS include international organizations such as Red Cross Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch as well as Action Aid. The Performance of Human Rights Non-Government OrganizationsNon- government organizations are organizations which constitute of individuals who have a common non- commercial interest and hence come together to promote humanitarian agendas. They are generally assumed to form part of the civil society, along with community based organizations (CBOs), social movements and other associations.
According to Buxton and Prewitt (2003), Non-Governmental organizations is composed of a group of people from various localities who organize for the support of needy communities and which operates in a wider network. They act independent of the government or alongside the private sector, self-help groups as well as the local government in order to address a certain particular social issue (Bell & Coicand, 2007). NGOs vary and can be classified according to activities or scale of operations. When classifying according to activities they emerge environmental NGOs dealing with environmental issues, human rights NGOs fighting for human rights, development NGOs promoting development issues etc.
On the other hand while classifying NGOs according to the scale of operation, then the types of NGOs that emerge are classified into local, regional, national or international NGOs (Bell & Coicand, 2007). In general, the characteristics needed in order to identify an organization as a non- government organization is for it to be nonprofit, independent from control of any government, legally constituted and most of all should not be affiliated to a political party. Approaches Taken by NGOs towards Promoting Human RightsDefense and promotion of human rights is one of the most popular social issue that most NGOs specialize in doing.
In order to do this they would need to publicize information about abuses as well as violations of human rights. This information is based on research. Moreover, they would also need to engage in campaigns against abuse of human rights. They also should provide assistance, for example legal assistance for the poor and oppressed and put pressure on the government so as to change rights- abusive policies (Nelson & Borsey, 2008). The methods used to deal with the human rights issue differ from one NGO to the other.
Generally though, these approaches border on setting goals, outlining the strategies needed in order to achieve these goals, getting resources such as funds as well as finally assessing the effectiveness of their strategies