The paper “ The Principles of Scientific Management” is a well-turned example of the essay on management. Management has always been referred to as doing things through people. However, Pearce and Robinson define it as a process through which human, financial, as well as material contributions, are optimized for achieving the goals of the organization. Theories on the dynamics between management and employees were first developed by founders in the middle of the 19th century due to the growth of industries, especially the textile industry. The modern organizations began around mid 19th century due to the rising factory system, mostly the textile industry, where mass production was the driving force behind productivity.
Management thinking evolved at a slower pace in the century. Still, people were trying to grasp what it was and its relevance to organizations. The civilization of management can be attributed to our predecessors. The thinking of modern management started in the 19th century and flourished in the 20th century. Management theory has gone a lot of transition since the 20th century right from the classical theory up to the approach of Japanese management.
The current theory of management is a product of dedication as well as interdisciplinary effort from people. Two radical management theorists (Robert Owen and Charles Babbage) accepted the challenge to develop theories regarding management and hence ended up being termed pre-classicists (Ma, 2000). There have been a lot of theories, concepts and models that try to link the workers with their work place. They have been formulated to maximize on the out put of workers as well as maximize on the production of the company. All these try to better the workers’ environment within the company as well as making the company operate most efficiently and competitively with positive growth.
The theories, models and concepts that link the employees and the organizational objectives include: Pre-classicistsDuring the 19th century, Robert Owen and Charles Babbage critically addressed the search for the clues towards better management.
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