@2010Workplace Management DynamicsIntroductionManagement has always been referred to as doing things through people. However Pearce and Robinson define it as a process through which human, financial as well as material contributions are optimized for achieving the goals of the organization. Theories on the dynamics between management and employees were first developed by founders in the middle of the 19th century due to the growth of industries, especially the textile industry. Modern organization began around mid 19th century due to rising factory system, mostly the textile industry, where mass production was the driving force behind productivity.
Management thinking evolved at a slower pace in the century. Still people were trying to grasp what it was and its relevance to organizations. The civilization of management can be attributed to our predecessors. The thinking of modern management started in 19th century and flourished in the 20th century. Management theory has gone a lot of transition since the 20th century right from the classical theory up to the approach of Japanese management. The current theory of management is a product of the dedication as well as interdisciplinary effort from people.
Two radical management theorists (Robert Owen and Charles Babbage) accepted the challenge to develop theories regarding management and hence ended up being termed pre-classicists (Ma, 2000). .There have been a lot of theories, concepts and models that try to link the workers with their work place. They have been formulated to maximize on the out put of workers as well as maximize on the production of the company. All these try to better the workers’ environment within the company as well as making the company operate most efficiently and competitively with positive growth.
The theories, models and concepts that link the employees and the organizational objectives include: Pre-classicistsDuring the 19th century, Robert Owen and Charles Babbage critically addressed the search for the clues towards better management. They formulated ideas related to management and called them management theories. owen was a businessman as well as social reformer while Babbage was a reputed mathematician who also had strong interests in management. the two management theorists have been credited for a lot of contribution in the field of management (Liao, & Hu, 2007). Robert OwenRobert Owen developed his ideas from the cotton mill he owned.
He constantly fought against labour while advocating for better housing and improvements in living conditions of employees. Owen believed that character was a byproduct of the circumstances and also that education is crucial in early education and formation of good character. He has been credited for as the forerunner in the school of management dealing with human relations (Porter, 1999). Charles BabbageHe is credited as the real idea behind modern computer since he researched for practical calculator. He developed interest in management due to his concerns especially on work specialization.
This has been recognized as forerunner in research of contemporary operations. He also device the way profits could be shared including the bonus of employees. Even though they have contributed a great deal in the field of management, Babbage and Owen didn’t have central tenets basic in management theories (Kristandl, & Bontis, 2007).