The paper "The Significance of Regional Organization" is a wonderful example of an assignment on management. Regional organization occur where different geopolitical entities join and work together towards attaining certain objectives. Regional organizations may occur within specific geographical boundaries such as continents or they may be characterized by unique geopolitics such as economic blocks. Regional organizations have a long history since World War II with the formation of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1948. Since then, numerous regional organizations have been formed across the globe to accomplish different objectives.
Regional organizations may affect labour relations of member countries in various ways. This section explains the importance of regional organization and implications for labour relations of member countries. Discussion The regional organization is vital to members in various ways. To start with, it enables members to have a stronger voice internationally. For instance, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional organization that enables small African countries such as Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d’ Ivoire and the Gambia are to pool their resources and to take informed positions at international negotiations.
In Europe, the interests of less powerful nations such as Italy and Greece are represented by the European Union (EU) in the international arena. EU is a regional organization which comprises 27 European nations. It is one of the most integrated regional organizations as it has its own currency and judicial system. It is also able to make and implement cohesive foreign trade policies. By joining their force, the members of the EU have become quite influential in international trade. Generally, countries are usually represented in trade negotiations by regional organizations to which they are members.
As such, regional organizations protect members from unfair trade with non-members. Secondly, the regional organization facilitates trade among members. Usually, members of regional organizations negotiate and come up with measures that facilitate trade between them. Trade among members may be facilitated through the establishment and implementation of more liberal trade rules among the members. This may be achieved, for instance, through lowering of trade barriers and other restrictions imposed to members. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) are examples of regional organizations that facilitate trade among members. The regional organization has also been playing a key role in enhancing political stability among nations.
For instance, the African Union (AU) has been successful in enhancing political stability in Africa and has played a major role in facilitating peaceful elections in countries such as Botswana, Namibia, Angola, South Africa and Mauritius. Further, the regional organization helps to protect members from external invasion among members. One of the reasons for the emergence of OAS was to form a major force that would protect member states from external invasion.
Finally, the regional organization plays a key role in promoting peace among the members. For instance, the establishment of the EU ended wars that occurred constantly among European countries. A regional organization may have several implications on employment relations. To start with, it may facilitate the movement of labour from one state to another within the organization. For instance, the formation of OAS facilitated the movement of labour across the member states. Movement of labour from one state to another may lead to lower cost of labour in a labour-importing nation.
Further, members of regional organizations may agree to harmonize labour laws to achieve specific objectives. Harmonizing labour laws may lead to improved labour relations systems within member states. The EU has tried severally to harmonize labour laws especially in regard to the rights of workers, although the move has been rejected by some members.