The paper "Wicked Problems or Trail Rail versus Highways" is a perfect example of a Management Case Study. Sustainable development is a problem considered impossible to define to some extent based on equity, nature of the decisions, and optimal solutions. Therefore, it is considered a wicked problem, which is difficult to describe and has no final solution of obtaining the interests of all the stakeholders. In solving the wicked problems, there is no true or false and correct or incorrect solution. To some extent, they are difficult or impossible to solve considering that, they consist of a high level of complexity and the ever-changing requirements.
Whatever is considered right or optimal in solving wicked problems simply depends on the existing background and the interest of the stakeholders. Through trying to solve an aspect of the wicked problem, the new wicked problem could occur which makes it difficult and challenging to find the appropriate resolution. Such factors make wicked problems difficult to solve (Kauffmann, 2013, 55). Highways vs. trail lines are dominated by wicked problems. Typically, these factors consist of problems with no definitive or objective answers; therefore, they lack the total solution to undefined problems.
It turns out that the nature of the trail lines and highways is one of the fundamental complexities of the system, which could be wicked to understand and manage. Moreover, the wicked problems have multiple interacting systems including the economic, social, ecological, and economic. Currently, the environmental, social, and economic systems are further reinforcing the increment in complexities, velocities, and uncertainty (Walker, Salt & Reid, 2012, 122). Nonetheless, with the popularity and trendiness of sustainability issues, most countries have hardly managed the progress required for international sustainable development. Highways vs.
train lines as the wicked problem The notion on the train lines and highways are not antagonistic problems but tend to represent the false dilemma. Due to the recent priorities in Australia regarding either the construction of new highways or the development of railway lines considered more efficient, these notions tend to generate excuses and motivations that are baseless and lead nowhere. In a civilized country such as Australia with a healthy economy, the two transport systems do have to compete but should be in a fair competition to ensure that the passengers and freight transport at some reasonable cost while maximizing the conditions for safety and minimum environmental impact (Janic & Jovanović, 2012, 128).
Environmental concern is becoming a global issue; as a result, countries such as Australia are shifting to more modernized rail transport systems. However, the transport system continues to lose ground due to the slow modernization made that do not meet the requirements of many customers especially with reference to the efficient transport system, sufficiency in the number of trains with a timetable that does not satisfy the demands of the users, low tariffs, and reductive in the travel time (Kasser & Zhao, 2016, 119). In Australia, considering the nature of competition that occurs between the two-transport systems, there is little measure in place to ensure the existence of fair competition.
Consequently, the revenue state-owned freight and passenger transport institutions declined due to low numbers of customers. In such a context, the railway network is constantly degrading (Pruitichaiwiboon, Lee & Lee, 2012, 29). Besides, the number of areas considered dangerous has increased significantly, which makes it difficult to use the means of intervention considering the inadequacy of funds required for paying the service suppliers, spare parts, and supply of power.
In a bid to increase the efficiency and safety on the roads, the country is focusing on monitoring the speeds on the vehicles using the highways. However, the reduction of speed in the trains prevents railway transport from being active.
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